January 4, 2017 – Staying Ahead of the Cold Weather

We left the Raleigh area and struck out for Columbia, South Carolina.  For the most part, it was an uneventful drive and, while mostly overcast, we did get a few glimpses of sun and saw temperatures climb to 70 degrees for the first time since leaving. 

Within less than half-dozen miles after crossing into

entering-south-carolina-from-north-carolina-on-i-95-2017-01-04we ran into a traffic jam.

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The congestion continued for neaarly an hour and a quarter during which time we covered less than seven miles (a breakneck speed of 5.6 miles per hour) before the cause became apparent, two lanes merging

traffic-jam-dinto one. 

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Less than a mile later, the apparent work area (there was no evidence of any roadwork) cones were being picked up and normal speeds could be resumed.

Two decaying barns

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barn-along-i-95-southern-north-carolina-2017-01-04and two water towers later,

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we arrived at our destination in Lexington, SC.

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January 3, 2017 – North Carolina State Capitol, Raleigh

We headed into Raleigh this morning under overcast skies to tour our 39th state Capitol.  However, the current building was not the first capital of the State.

Royal Governor William Tryon and his family brought architect John Hawks from London to design and build the Georgian-style structure. Completed in 1770, Tryon Palace served as the first permanent capitol of North Carolina and home to the Tryon family.

tryon-palace-new-bern-ncTryon Palace was the site of the first sessions of the general assembly for the State of North Carolina following the revolution and housed the state governors until 1794. In 1798, fire destroyed the original Palace building.

Meanwhile, the state's population had moved westward, and in 1788 a State Convention voted to fix the capital within ten miles of Isaac Hunter's plantation in Wake County. A committee later purchased 1,000 acres and a plan for Raleigh was drawn, based on the then nation's capital of Philadelphia. Construction of a State House began on the town's central square in 1792. First occupied in 1794, the building served as the capitol until it burned in 1831. The cornerstone of the present State Capitol, constructed on the site of the former State House, was laid in 1833 and the building was completed in 1840.

state-capitol-first-state-house-in-raleigh-1831-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

On the morning of June 21, 1831, the State House was being fireproofed, following several disastrous fires in Raleigh.  Workmen laying sheets of zinc on the roof left the project untended and a boiling pot of lead solder spilled setting the roof ablaze over the western portico.  Within three hours, the fire consumed and razed the entire building. 

The current North Carolina State Capitol, completed in 1840 at a cost of $532,682.34 (including furnishing), is one of the finest and best preserved examples of a major civic building in the Greek Revival architecture style.

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The Capitol is a cross shape, centering on a domed rotunda where the wings join. It is 160 feet from north to south, 140 feet from east to west (including the porticoes), and stands 97½ feet from the rotunda floor to the crown atop the dome. 

state-capitol-dome-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

state-capitol-rotunda-dome-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Looking up from the Rotunda floor.

The exterior walls are built of gneiss, a form of granite.

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The stone was quarried in southeastern Raleigh and hauled to the site on the horse-drawn Experimental Railroad, North Carolina's first railway. The interior walls are of stone and brick. The massive, original wooden truss system still bears the weight of the roof.

This Rotunda’s centerpiece is a 1970 copy of Antonio Canova's original statue of George Washington, which had been displayed in the original State House from 1820-1831.

state-capitol-george-washington-statue-a-in-rotunda-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

state-capitol-george-washington-statue-b-in-rotunda-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Canova sought to honor and even glorify Washington by depicting him in a Roman general's uniform with tunic, tightly-fitting body armor, and short cape fastened at the shoulder. The figure's short hair style is that of a Roman officer. Shown with a pen (stylus) in his hand, the seated Washington is writing (in Italian) the first words of his farewell address as president on a tablet.

Did you notice the No. 2 pencil someone humorously placed in Washington’s right hand?

Around the rotunda are several plaques and busts that honor important people and significant events in North Carolina's history:

state-capitol-virginia-dare-plaque-in-rotunda-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03In Memory of Virginia Dare — Born on August 18, 1587, Virginia Dare was the first child born to English-speaking parents in the colonies. She was the daughter of Ananias and Eleanor Dare, and granddaughter of John White. She was born in John White's colony on Roanoke Island, which later became known as the "Lost Colony."

state-capitol-tea-party-house-plaque-in-rotunda-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03In Honor of the Women Who Participated in the Edenton Tea Party — On October 25, 1774, 51 women met in Edenton, North Carolina, and declared they would not participate in the buying (or consumption) of tea or wear articles of "British Manufactures." This meeting has been called the "earliest known instance of political activity on the part of women in the American colonies."

state-capitol-halifax-resolves-plaque-in-rotunda-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Halifax Resolves — This document, adopted by the Fourth Provincial Congress on April 12, 1776, made North Carolina the first colony to recommend American independence.

state-capitol-gov-samuel-johnson-bust-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Bust of Samuel Johnston — Governor from 1787 to 1789, he then became the first United States senator from North Carolina.

state-capitol-gov-willaim-graham-bust-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Bust of William A. Graham — Governor from 1845 to 1849, and later a United States senator. He was nominee for vice president in 1852 with Winfred Scott from the Whig Party. He served as Secretary of the Navy under President Millard Fillmore.

state-capitol-gov-john-motley-moorhead-bust-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Bust of John Motley Morehead — Governor from 1841 to 1845, he was the first governor to serve in the Capitol for a full term. He is known for his emphasis on railroads, public schools, and better care for the blind, deaf, and insane.

state-capitol-senator-matt-ransom-bust-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Bust of Matt Whitaker Ransom — United States senator from 1872 to 1895 and minister to Mexico from 1895 to 1897. He attained the rank of brigadier general during the Civil War. He also served in the N.C. House of Commons and as the state's attorney general.

While the Governor’s and Lieutenant Governor’s offices are located off the Rotunda, untypically, they were not open for visitors … apparently a recent change due to some “security issues”.

A flight of stairs leads to the second floor where large wooden doors lead to an area around the Rotunda.

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To the North another set of similar doors lead to the Senate chambers.

state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-door-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

state-capitol-second-floor-rotunda-door-key-locks-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03This room served the 50-member Senate until 1961, and resembles a Grecian temple in the Ionic style.

state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-b-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03The rostrums at the front are slightly smaller than those in the House and originally seated the Speaker of the Senate who is now known as the President of the Senate (i.e., lieutenant governor). There appear to be public galleries on all four sides of this chamber.  In fact only three sides contain functional balcony seats. 

state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-c-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03The entablature above the columns on the north side was added for symmetry as the fireplace arrangement did not allow balcony access above this area. 

The window shades feature olive wreaths, a symbol of victory and honor.  The lithographic print of the Canova statue of Washington hangs to the right of the rostrums.

state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-lithograph-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03This 1840 print features the only known interior view of the 1794-1796 State House.

The chamber has been returned to its 1840s color scheme of sky-blue walls and white trim.

state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-desks-and-chairs-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Original Senator’s desks and chairs

state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-clock-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Clock

state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-fireplace-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03One of four fireplaces

Other original furniture.

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On the South wing, the House of Representatives chamber is located.

state-capitol-old-house-chamber-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03This room served the 120-member House of Commons from 1840-1868 and the House of Representatives from 1868-1961. The semicircular plan mirrors the design of a Grecian amphitheater.

state-capitol-old-house-chamber-b-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Local carpenters built the rostrums in the front of the chamber, and local cabinetmaker William Thompson made the desks for the House and Senate Chambers.

state-capitol-old-house-chamber-desks-and-chairs-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03 Thomas Sully's portrait of George Washington (ca. 1818), which hangs above the Speaker's podium, is a copy of the Gilbert Stuart "Lansdowne" portrait. This painting was saved during the State House fire of 1831.

The original 84-candle brass chandelier was lowered each day by a pulley to light the candles. The mid-nineteenth-century brass and copper chandelier that now hangs in the House is also lowered on that same mechanism to change the light bulbs.

state-capitol-old-house-chamber-chandelier-and-ceiling-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Records indicate that the original 1840 window shades were decorated with painted Grecian borders, so the reproduction window shades mimic decorative plaster designs in the room.  The building originally was heated by 28 fireplaces, four of which are in this room.

Carpet was installed in 1854 to make the chambers more comfortable.

state-capitol-old-house-chamber-31-star-carpet-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03The 31-star patters symbolizes that that there were 31 states in the Union at that time.

The blue curtains located behind the speakers' chairs in both chambers were added to block any drafts from the windows behind them. Both the carpets and the curtains are reproductions.

The West Hall Committee Room served as a joint committee room for the House and Senate.  After the Civil War it briefly served as the "Third House (1868-1869)," the Capitol keeper's office (1893-1939), a snack room (1939-1961), and a post office.  This room was restored to its original 1840 size and appearance between 1974 and 1976.

state-capitol-committee-room-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

state-capitol-committee-room-b-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03It is reported that during Reconstruction in large part due to ample supplies of liquor and cigars more legislations was transacted in this room than in either House of Senate chambers.

A narrow staircase leads to a third floor

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state-capitol-stairway-balusters-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03where spectators can view the Senate and House chambers from the galleries; and where three additional rooms are located.

The State Library was located in this room from 1840 until 1888.  The room was completed in the Gothic style in 1842, when the staircase, gallery, and shelves were added to hold the growing collection of books and papers. The collection began with more than 2,000 volumes and grew to nearly 40,000. 

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state-capitol-state-library-b-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03It was open only to state officials until 1845, when policies were eased and the general public was admitted. By 1859 the State Library had outgrown its small, cramped room and was spilling its contents into other offices of the Capitol, including the building's closets. In 1888, the State Library moved to a larger building and is now housed in its third location since leaving the Capitol — the Archives and History/State Library Building on Jones Street. This room's 1856-1857 appearance has been re-created based on information contained in legislative papers and other records in the State Archives.

The State Geologist's Office was occupied by the Supreme Court from 1840 to 1843, before the court relocated to the northeast suite on the first floor for convenience.  Afterward, the State Geologist's Office — with its "Cabinet of Minerals" display — occupied the room from 1856 to 1865.  Here the state geologist, Dr. Ebenezer Emmons, conducted a geological survey to determine the commercial and agricultural value of minerals and plants native to North Carolina.

state-capitol-state-geologists-office-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03In glass cabinets, he displayed specimens from the Piedmont counties, including soil, seeds, rocks, and mineral samples. In 1858 a Gothic gallery was added to expand the collection, but it is likely that the upper shelves were actually used to store the overflow of books from the State Library.  In April 1865 Union troops occupied Raleigh, and General Sherman's troops rifled the mineral collection.  In 1866, the collection's remnants were donated to the University of North Carolina, and by 1868 the mineral cases were removed from the room.  After the Civil War, the room housed the office of the superintendent of public instruction and was used for various legislative functions until 1961. The room's restoration to its 1858-1859 appearance is based on historical documentation and reflects its use by the geologist and legislative clerks, and as an additional reading room of the State Library.

The Capitol Documents Room, where, before the Civil War, the Capitol’s documents and primary legal records were stored.  Shortly before the peaceful surrender to Raleigh to the Union Army of General William T. Sherman, Governor Zubelon B. Vance requested the Capitol with its “library and museum” be spared.  While the building and its contents were for the most part left intact, many departing Union soldiers took North Carolina artifacts and documents as “souvenirs”  or trophies.  One key document stolen was North Carolina’s original copy of the Bill of Rights!

bill-of-rightsNorth Carolina’s Bill of Rights is one of fourteen original copies of the document prepared for each of the thirteen colonies and the federal government in 1789.  George Washington sent the governor of each state a copy to review the twelve proposed Amendments to the Constitution.  North Carolina, which had not yet ratified the Constitution, became the 12th state to do so upon receiving this document. 

It was kept in the Capitol from 1840 until it was stolen in April 1865.  Most of the records removed from the Capitol were recovered in 1906.  However, it wasn’t until March of 2003, the Federal Bureau of Investigation recovered the document in a private collection and, after a lengthy legal battle, it was returned to the state in 2005. 

 

The grounds surrounding the State Capitol have many statues and monuments including:

state-capitol-grounds-three-presidents-from-nc-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

state-capitol-grounds-three-presidents-from-nc-b-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Presidents North Carolina Gave the Nation – This work honors the three presidents born in North Carolina: Andrew Jackson of Union County, seventh president of the United States (1829-1837); James Knox Polk of Mecklenberg County, eleventh president of the United States (1845-1849); and Andrew Johnson of Wake County, seventeenth president of the United States (1865-1869). Although North Carolina claims all three presidents as native sons, all were elected while residents of Tennessee.

 

state-capitol-grounds-charles-duncan-mciver-statue-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Charles Duncan McIver – Dr. McIver was a renowned promoter of education in North Carolina in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. He is remembered as the founder and the first president of the State Normal and Industrial School for Women (now The University of North Carolina at Greensboro).

 

state-capitol-grounds-zebulon-vance-statue-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Zebulon Baird Vance – A native of Buncombe County, Vance was one of this state's most popular political figures during the Civil War. He helped organize state troops for the Confederacy and was promoted to full colonel shortly before his election as governor in 1862. He again served as governor from 1877 to 1879 and was a United States senator from 1879 until his death in 1894.

 

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George Washington – This bronze statue is one of six cast by William J. Hubbard of Richmond, Virginia, from a mold of Houdon's Washington which stands in the Capitol in Richmond, Virginia. It was intended to replace the destroyed Canova statue. Unveiled on July 4, 1857, it was the first statue placed on the grounds.

 

state-capitol-grounds-charles-aycock-statue-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Charles Brantley Aycock – Known as the "education governor," Aycock was responsible for beginning the public school system existing today in North Carolina. It is said that one new school was opened for nearly every day of his term, 1901-1905.

 

state-capitol-grounds-women-of-the-confederacy-statue-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Women of the Confederacy – The Women of the Confederacy monument was a gift to the state by Confederate veteran Col. Ashley Horne, and was unveiled in June 1914. It was the wish of Colonel Horne to recognize the suffering and hardship faced by women during this tragic period in our nation's history.

 

state-capitol-grounds-ensign-worth-bagley-statue-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Worth Bagley – Born in Raleigh in 1874, Ensign Bagley was the first American naval officer killed in the Spanish-American War. Bagley, the executive officer of the torpedo ship U.S.S. Winslow, was killed May 11, 1898, by a shell from Spanish shore batteries at Cardenas Bay, Cuba.

 

state-capitol-grounds-confederate-monument-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

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state-capitol-grounds-confederate-monument-c-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Confederate Monument – This monument is in remembrance of North Carolina's Confederate dead (nearly one quarter of all Confederate deaths were from North Carolina). The three statues on the monument represent Confederate infantry, cavalry, and artillery soldiers. The inscription, "First at Bethel – Last at Appomattox," represents the forwardness and tenacity of North Carolina's soldiers during the Civil War.

 

state-capitol-grounds-wwi-wwii-veterans-monument-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03

state-capitol-grounds-wwi-wwii-veterans-monument-b-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03North Carolina Veteran's Monument – This monument honors the veterans of the state who served in World Wars I and II and the Korean War. The base features scenes and lists major battles from each of the wars, and atop a granite shaft stands Lady Liberty holding a palm frond to symbolize peace and victory. The flags of each of the armed services fly at the rear of the monument.

 

state-capitol-grounds-vietnam-memorial-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Vietnam Veteran's Memorial – Entitled "After the Firefight," this memorial honors the more than 206,000 men and women of the state who served in Vietnam. The monument depicts two soldiers carrying a wounded comrade to a nearby landing zone to await medical help. This monument is unique in that it is the first to be sculpted by a woman, and the first to depict an African American.

 

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The Tree of Life is dedicated to the 1,387 people who lost their life as a result of crashes on North Carolina roads in 2015.  The 431 red ribbons and lights represent teh people who lost their life as the result of an impaired driver.  The 955 white ribbons and lights represent all other traffic fatalities statewide.  The one blue ribbon and light represents an officer who lost his life as the result of a traffic-related crash.

As hard as we tried, we could not locate the blue ribbon or light.  Unfortunately, however, we did spot an empty blue beer can under the tree

 

Adjacent to the four corners of the State Capitol grounds are found four distinct and historic churches.

first-presbyterian-church-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03 First Presbyterian Church

 

first-baptist-church-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03First Baptist Church Raleigh (established 1839)

 

christ-chruch-episcopalChrist Episcopal Church

 

first-baptist-church-new-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03First Baptist Church

From the State Capitol Grounds we walked Bicentennial Park where North Carolina’s replica of the Liberty Bell resides

liberty-bell-bicentennial-walkway-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03This exact replica is the same size (3’ tall from lip to crown and a 12’ circumference and measures 3” thick at the lip), weight (2,080 lbs.) and material (85% copper) as the original.  Therefore, it has the same tone.

to the new Legislative Building

legislative-building-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Officially occupied on February 6, 1963

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which now houses the State Senate

legislative-building-senate-chamber-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03and State Assembly

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Looking back at the Capitol, the low overcast ceiling is evident as the tops of the surrounding building are enveloped.

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Next, we walked by the elegant Executive Mansion

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executive-mansion-a-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03Constructed between 1883-1891 by prison labor.

 

Two North Carolina anecdotes we discovered:

  1. A three-story globe sits outside the North Carolina Museum of Natural Sciences.

science-museum-globe-raleigh-nc-2017-01-03 Inside the iconic globe, this three-story theater with a 45 x 45-foot HD screen and multi-channel surround-sound plays host to cutting-edge science presentations and scenes from nature.

The nation’s first gold discovery was in North Carolina.

reed-gold-mine-site

reed-gold-mineJohn Reed (Johannes Reith) was a Hessian soldier who left the British army near the conclusion of the Revolutionary War and came to settle near fellow Germans living in the lower Piedmont of North Carolina. Most of the people dwelt on modest family-run farms in rural areas, where they raised small grain crops such as corn and wheat.

The life of farmer John Reed would have been long forgotten had it not been for a chance event one Sunday in 1799. On that day, Reed's son Conrad found a large yellow rock in Little Meadow Creek

little-meadow-creekon the Reed farm in Cabarrus County. This rock reportedly weighed 17 pounds and for three years was used as a doorstop at the Reed house.

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January 2, 2017 – Tournament of Roses Parade from Long-distance

This morning, we awoke to rain.  However, as we’d not planned to go anywhere today, was not a problem. 

Instead, we tuned in the Tournament of Roses Parade …

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5which we’d appreciated all the more since taking a detour and driving to Pasadena and  seeing it “live” in 2013

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January 1, 2017 – Happy New Year!

With a strong front working its way north from the Gulf, we continued our southern trek, trying to beat the rains to the Raleigh area.  Along the way, Debbie rediscovered her favorite photographic subject while we are traveling …

barns

At a stop at the North Carolina visitor’s center, we spotted one of the largest Whirly-gigs (at least 6’ wide) we’d ever seen.

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Further down the road we did run into some rain which, fortunately, was not heavy nor did it last long.

We’re presently in Four Oaks, NC (about 25 miles southeast of Raleigh)

2017-01-01-raleigh-oaks-rv-resort-and-campground-four-oaks-nc-site-403where we’ll spend the next three nights.

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December 31, 2016 – Heading South

After having our motorhome’s water systems dewinterized we finally headed for Florida this morning. 

As it was a holiday weekend, the traffic was relatively light despite having to travel through Philadelphia, Wilmington, Baltimore and Washington DC.  What started out as a cool but sunny morning morphed into an overcast sky while temperatures rose from the high 20s to a high of 52 degrees.

The only slowdown was caused by the unfortunate rollover of a SUV near Fredericksburg.

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We spent the New Year’s Eve at Americamps Campground where we often spend our first night when heading south.

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When we arrived, we received a nice surprise as the campground was hosting a 6:00 PM Spanish New Year’s Eve party (which was midnight in Spain), complete with Paella and other traditional foods.  As they had set the clocks for Madrid time so we were through dinner and celebrated the arrival of 2017 and back to our motorhome by 8:00 PM.

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September 26, 2016 – Massachusetts State House– Massachusetts State House (Non-RV Post)

Returning to Cape Cod from New Hampshire, we again stopped in Boston, this time to visit the Massachusetts State Capitol, or State House.

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The building is situated on 6.7 acres of land on top of Beacon Hill in Boston, opposite the Boston Common.  It was built on land once owned by John Hancock, Massachusetts's first elected governor.

The original wood dome, which leaked, was covered with copper in 1802 by Paul Revere’s  Copper Company.  Revere was the first American to roll copper successfully into sheets in a commercially-viable manner.

The dome was first painted gray and then light yellow before being gilded with gold leaf in 1874. During World War II, the dome was painted once again, this time black or gray (depending on the source), to prevent reflection during blackouts and to protect the city and building from bombing attacks. In 1997, at a cost of more than $300,000, the dome was re-gilded, in 23k gold.

The dome is topped with a gilded, wooden pine cone, symbolizing both the importance of Boston's lumber industry during early colonial times and of the state of Maine, which was a district of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts when the Bulfinch section of the building was completed.

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-skylight-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Dome Skylight

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-floor-a-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Floor

massachusetts-state-house-main-staircase-stained-glass-window-boston-ma-2016-09-26Stained-glass Window at the landing on the main staircase

massachusetts-state-house-doric-hall-boston-ma-2016-09-26Doric Hall

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massachusetts-state-house-marble-railing-boston-ma-2016-09-26

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House Chamber

massachusetts-state-house-house-chamber-boston-ma-2016-09-26

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-the-sacred-cod-boston-ma-2016-09-26The Sacred Cod was given by John Rowe, a prominent merchant and representative from Boston, and installed in the Old State House "as a memorial of the importance of the cod fishery to the welfare of this Commonwealth, as had been usual formerly."  This is the second carving of a New England codfish to preside over the General Court—its predecessor presumably lost during the Revolution.  By this time, the image was a familiar one, appearing on everything from corporate seals to weathervanes and stairwell decorations.  New claims to fishing rights both coastal and on the high seas, however, strained negotiations with England for years, and undoubtedly fueled Rowe's desire to reinstall the simple yet potent emblem over the heads of his fellow legislators.

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1630-governor-winthrop-at-salem-bringing-the-charter-of-the-bay-colony-to-massachusetts-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 1630 – Governor Winthrop at Salem Bringing the Charter of the Bay Colony to Massachusetts

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1689-the-arrest-of-governor-andros-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 1689 – The Arrest of Governor Andros

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1697-the-public-repentance-of-judge-samuel-sewall-for-his-action-in-the-witchcraft-trials-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 1697 – The Public Repentance of Judge Samuel Sewall for his Action in the Witchcraft Trials

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1779-john-adams-samuel-adams-and-james-bowdoin-drafting-the-massachusetts-constitution-of-1780-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 1779 – John Adams, Samuel Adams, and James Bowdoin Drafting the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1788-john-hancock-proposing-the-addition-of-the-bill-of-rights-to-the-federal-constitution-boston-ma-2016-09-26  Mural – 1788 – John Hancock Proposing the Addition of the Bill of Rights to the Federal Constitution

Senate Chamber

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-b-boston-ma-2016-09-26

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-a-boston-ma-2016-09-26

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-ben-franklin-bust-boston-ma-2016-09-26Ben Franklin

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-marquis-de-lafayette-bust-boston-ma-2016-09-26Marquis de Lafayette

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-the-holy-mackrel-boston-ma-2016-09-26The Holy Mackerel

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-captain-john-parkers-musket-boston-ma-2016-09-26Captain John Parker's Musket – Said to have been used by Captain John Parker at the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775. Believed to be the only documented firearm to have participated in the battle.

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-kings-arms-musket-boston-ma-2016-09-26British musket belonging to a soldier of the 43rd Regiment of Foot, probably captured at or near Lexington, April 19, 1775.

Old Senate Chamber

massachusetts-state-house-old-senate-chamber-a-boston-ma-2016-09-26

massachusetts-state-house-old-senate-chamber-13-seat-table-boston-ma-2016-09-26This table is divided into 13 segments, each representing one of the original 13 colonies with the size of each segment proportional to the population of the states at the time.

massachusetts-state-house-old-senate-chamber-b-boston-ma-2016-09-26

massachusetts-state-house-old-senate-chamber-chandelier-boston-ma-2016-09-26

massachusetts-state-house-old-senate-chamber-clock-boston-ma-2016-09-26The bird over the clock has the body of an eagle and the head of a bird

 

Other Artworks Throughout the State House

massachusetts-state-house-george-washington-boston-ma-2016-09-26Statue of George Washington – depicted as a representative of the people, rather than in military dress. Having never met his subject, the sculptor was loaned a full-length portrait of the president by Gilbert Stuart from which to model the face. The scroll and drapery held to the chest, however, are neo-classical references that were still popular in England.

massachusetts-state-house-abraham-lincoln-life-sized-portrait-boston-ma-2016-09-26Abraham Lincoln – life-size (6’4”) portrait – the body was painted after his death and the head added from that portrait from which the image on the penny was taken.  Notice that one arm is hidden behind his back … when painted, the addition of arms and legs added to the cost (a reason the phrase “costing and arm and a leg” came into usage).

massachusetts-state-house-sam-adams-portrait-boston-ma-2016-09-26Sam Adams

massachusetts-state-house-british-cannon-captured-during-the-war-of-1812-boston-ma-2016-09-26British Cannon Captured During the War of 1812

massachusetts-state-house-john-hancock-boston-ma-2016-09-26John Hancock

massachusetts-state-house-john-adams-bust-boston-ma-2016-09-26John Adams

massachusetts-state-house-louis-brandeis-us-supreme-court-associate-justice-bust-boston-ma-2016-09-26Louis Brandeis – US Supreme Court Associate Justice Bust

massachusetts-state-house-angels-of-mercy-army-nurses-boston-ma-2016-09-26Angels of Mercy Monument to Army Nurses

massachusetts-state-house-charles-bullfinch-state-house-architect-boston-ma-2016-09-26Charles Bulfinch – State House Architect

massachusetts-state-house-calvin-coolidge-portrait-boston-ma-2016-09-26President Calvin Coolidge

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-mural-1620-the-pilgrims-on-the-mayflower-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Mural – 1620 – The Pilgrims on the Mayflower

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-mural-1775-the-battle-at-concord-bridge-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Mural – 1775 – The Battle at Concord Bridge

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-mural-1865-return-of-the-civil-war-colors-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Mural – 1865 – Return of the Civil War Color

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-mural-circa-1650-john-eliot-preaching-to-the-indians-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Mural – circa 1650 – John Eliot Preaching to the Indians

massachusetts-state-house-mural-104th-aef-regiment-receiving-french-decoration-in-1918-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 104th AEF Regiment Receiving French Decoration in 1918

massachusetts-state-house-mural-james-otis-arguing-against-the-writs-of-assistance-in-the-old-towne-house-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – James Otis Arguing Against the Writs of Assistance in the Old Towne House

massachusetts-state-house-mural-paul-reveres-ride-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – Paul Revere's Ride – And, "No", he didn't yell, "The British are Coming!" becasue, at th time everyone in American werer British citizens and many of them were "Loyalists".  Rather, it is beleived he knocked on teh doors of partiots and told them "The Regulars are Coming!"

massachusetts-state-house-mural-the-boston-tea-party-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – The Boston Tea Party

massachusetts-state-house-governor-mitt-romney-portrait-boston-ma-2016-09-26Former Governor Mitt Romney

 

While the State House Grounds are limited, several statues of notable and unknown Massachusetts residents sit in prominent locations.

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-daniel-webster-boston-ma-2016-09-26Daniel Webster – an American statesman who twice served in the United States House of Representatives representing both New Hampshire and Massachusetts, served as a US Senator from Massachusetts, and served as Secretary of State under three presidents. 

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-horace-mann-boston-ma-2016-09-26Horace Mann – an American politician and foremost educational reformer

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-general-fighting-joe-hooker-boston-ma-2016-09-26“Fighting” Joe Hooker – a Union General who is best remembered for his stunning defeat by in 1863. Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863.

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-anne-marbury-hutchinson-boston-ma-2016-09-26Ann Marbury Hutchinson, a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638. Her strong religious convictions were at odds with the established Puritan clergy in the Boston area, and her popularity and charisma helped create a theological Schism that threatened to destroy the Puritans' religious community in New England. She was eventually tried and convicted, then banished from the colony with many of her supporters.

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-quaker-mary-dyer-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mary Dyer (c. 1611 – 1 June 1660), was an English and colonial American Puritan turned Quaker who was hanged on the Boston Common in 1660, for repeatedly defying a Puritan law banning Quakers from the colony.  She is one of the four executed Quakers known as the Boston Martyrs.

 

We also had an opportunity to visit the Massachusetts Old State House;

old-massachusetts-state-house-a-boston-ma-2016-09-26built in 1712–13.  The previous building, the wooden Town House of 1657, had burned in the fire of 1711.  A notable feature was the pair of seven-foot tall wooden figures depicting a lion and unicorn, symbols of the British monarchy.

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old-massachusetts-state-house-cupola-finial-and-weather-vane-boston-ma-2016-09-26

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On March 5, 1770, the Boston Massacre occurred in front of the building.

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The King's Chapel congregation was founded in 1686 as the first Anglican Church in colonial New England during the reign of King James II.  The original King's Chapel was a wooden church built in 1688

kings-chapel-original-1688-boston-maat the corner of Tremont and School Streets, where the church stands today.  It was situated on the public burying ground, now King’s Chapel Burying Ground,

kings-chapel-burying-ground-1630-boston-ma-2016-09-26

kings-chapel-burying-ground-tombstones-boston-ma-2016-09-26where the state’s first Governor and his family are interred,

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Because no resident would sell land for a non-Calvinist church.

kings-chapel-boston-ma-0216-09-26Inside,

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kings-chapel-communion-table-boston-ma-0216-09-26

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the church is characterized by wooden columns with Corinthian capitals that were hand-carved in 1758.

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Seating is accommodated by box pews,

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most of which were originally owned by the member families who paid pew rent and decorated the pews to their personal tastes.  The current uniform appearance of the pews dates from the 1920s.

The pulpit was built in 1717 by a local Huguenot carver for the first King’s Chapel building.

kings-chapel-pulpit-boston-ma-0216-09-26It is the oldest pulpit in the United States still in use on its original site.  More than 30,000 sermons have been preached from it.  Today, the Minister still reads the service from the Reading Desk and the Ascends to the pulpit to preach the sermon.  Originally, a Clerk stood in the lowest level of the desk, from where he led the singing and reading of the psalms and chants.  The Sounding Board above the pulpit was installed in 1836 and helps project the minister’s voice out over the congregation.  The hand-carved rails leading up to it were made by apprentices.  Following Puritan tradition, one of them rotates the wrong way, symbolizing human imperfection.

The King's Chapel bell, cast in England, was hung in 1772. In 1814 it cracked, was recast by Paul Revere, and was rehung. It is the largest bell cast by the Revere foundry, and the last one cast by Paul Revere himself. It has been rung at services ever since.

The Park Street Church (built in 1809)

park-street-chruch-2

park-street-chruchis predated to 1804 when the "Religious Improvement Society" began weekly meetings with lectures and prayer.  The society organized the charter of the church on February 27, 1809 by twenty-six local people, mostly former members of the Old South Meeting House, who wanted to plant a church with orthodox Trinitarian theology.

The church is located adjacent to the historic Old Granary Burying Ground.

granary-burial-ground-1660-boston-ma-2016-09-26

granary-burial-ground-tombstones-boston-ma-2016-09-26founded in 1660, is the city of Boston’s third-oldest cemetery.  It is the final resting place for many notable Revolutionary War-era patriots, including three signers of the Declaration of Independence, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Paul Revere

granary-burial-ground-paul-reveres-tomb-boston-ma-2016-09-26and the five victims of the Boston Massacre.  The cemetery has 2,345 grave-markers, but historians estimate as many as 5,000 people are buried in it.

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September 23, 2016 – John F. Kennedy Library and Museum (Non-RV Post)

We left Cape Cod (MA) where we’ve been for the past two weeks to drive to New Hampshire to spend the weekend  with our daughter, Nancy, and her family.  With our route taking us through Boston, we took a detour this morning to visit the JFK Library and Museum.

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Built with private contributions from over 36 million donors, the Library’s archives include more than five million pages of personal, congressional and presidential papers of JFK.  It also houses the papers of his brother, Robert F. Kennedy and more than 400 other individuals who were associated with the Kennedy Administration or mid-20th century American History.  The Ernest Hemingway Collection, which holds approximated 90% of all of the Nobel Prize Winner’s manuscripts, is also housed in the Library’s archives.

The Museum experience begins with a video ”Young Jack” which highlights President Kennedy’s life before he entered politics; his childhood,

kennedy-family-1931Kennedy Family (1931)

education (he was a friend and classmate of my dad’s at Harvard), military service (including his command of the ill-fated PT-109)

kennedy-on-pt-109

kennedy-pt-109and brief stint as a special correspondent for Hearst Newspapers (his father was a close friend of William Randolph Hearst) an assignment which kept Kennedy's name in the public eye and "expose[d] him to journalism as a possible career."  He worked as a correspondent that May, covering the Potsdam Conference and other events.

From there you take at sequential tour through JFK’s political career, beginning with six years in the house of Representatives (1947-1952) followed by two terms in the U.S. Senate (1953-196). 

Jacqueline Bouvier and then-Representative John F. Kennedy were formally introduced by a mutual friend at a dinner party in May 1952.  Kennedy was then busy running for the US Senate but after his election in November, he proposed marriage to her. Bouvier took some time to accept, as she had been assigned to cover the coronation of Queen Elizabeth for The Washington Times-Herald.  After a month in Europe, she returned to the United States, accepted the proposal, and resigned from her position at the newspaper.  Their engagement was announced on June 25, 1953.  They were married on September 12, 1953, in Newport, Rhode Island.

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The exhibits take you through the Primary Campaign and Democratic Convention;

jfk-library-01-convention-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-01-convention-c-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-01-convention-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23Los Angeles Convention

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The Campaign and Debate against Richard Nixon;

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kennedy-debate

jfk-library-03-debate-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23Actual broadcast equipment from the debate

The Election results and Inauguration;

  Vice Presidential
Candidate
Political
Party
Popular Vote Electoral Vote
John Kennedy Lyndon Johnson Democratic 34,220,984 49.72% 303 56.4%
Richard Nixon Henry Lodge Republican 34,108,157 49.55% 219 40.8%
Unpledged Electors Democratic 286,359 0.42% 15 2.8%
Y Other (+) 216,983 0.32% 0 0.0%

Oath of Office

kennedy-inauguration

jfk-library-04-inauguration-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23-copy

Actual (final) copy of JFK’s Inauguration Speech

jfk-library-04-inauguration-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23-copy

jfk-library-04-inauguration-c-boston-ma-2016-09-23-copyJFK’s White House;

jfk-library-presidential-seal-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-oval-office-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-us-ussr-hotline-equipment-boston-ma-2016-09-23Washington-Moscow Hotline Equipment (circa 1963) – Although it was not used until 1967 during the Six Day War in the Middle East, it had to be tested every day

jfk-library-jfk-dictating-in-the-oval-office-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23President Kennedy dictating

jfk-library-jfk-dictating-in-the-oval-office-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-presidential-golf-balls-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-sailing-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-photograph-of-jack-bobby-and-ted-kennedy-boston-ma-2016-09-23Jack, Robert and Ted Kennedy (1962)

jfk-library-painting-by-jackie-kennedy-for-jfk-1961-boston-ma-2016-09-23Painted by Jackie Kennedy for Jack (1961)

The White House  – An American Camelot;

kennedy-jackie

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jfk-library-formal-reception-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-jackies-outfit-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23

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Which included lavish of gifts from scores of world leaders

jfk-library-gift-pieta-from-the-pope-boston-ma-2016-09-23Replica of the Pieta from the Pope

jfk-library-gift-jewelry-from-the-president-of-pakistan-boston-ma-2016-09-23Jeweled necklace, earrings and ring from the President of Pakistan

jfk-library-gift-jeweled-pocketbook-boston-ma-2016-09-23Gold purse with openwork floral design bordered along front edges with inset alternating rubies and emeralds given to the First Lady by King Hassan of Morocco

A section dedicated to Jackie’s early years

jfk-library-jackie-kennedys-camera-cira-1953-boston-ma-2016-09-23Jackie’s camera (circa 1953)

JFK’s Civil Rights efforts;

kennedy-civil-riightsKennedy meets with leaders of the March on Washington in the Oval Office, August 28, 1963

kennedy-james-meredithIn September 1962, Ja James Meredith enrolled at the University of Mississippi but was prevented from entering. Attorney General Robert Kennedy responded by sending 400 federal marshals, while President Kennedy reluctantly sent 3,000 troops after the situation on campus turned violent.

The Space Program;

kennedy-send-a-man-to-teh-moon“… I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth.”

jfk-library-freedom-7-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23Mercury Astronaut, Alan Shepard’s Freedom-7 Capsule

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The Peace Corps;

jfk-library-peace-corps-authorization-boston-ma-2016-09-23Peace Corps Authorization

jfk-library-peace-corp-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-peace-corp-sargeant-shriver-in-afghanistan-boston-ma-2016-09-23Sargeant Schriver, JFK’s brother-in-law, and the first head of the Peace Corps, in Afghanistan

Nuclear Test Ban Treaty;

jfk-library-nuclear-test-ban-treaty-signing-boston-ma-2016-09-23

The Cuban Missile Crisis;

kennedy-cuba-1

kennedy-cuba-3A U-2 reconnaissance photographs of Cuba, showing Soviet nuclear missiles, their transports and tents for fueling and maintenance.

kennedy-cuba-2JFK signing the Proclamation for Interdiction of the Delivery of Offensive Weapons to Cuba on October 23, 1962.

The Berlin Wall and;

jfk-library-presidential-briefing-book-on-berlin-wall-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-presidential-briefing-book-on-berlin-wall-c-boston-ma-2016-09-23 

jfk-library-presidential-briefing-book-on-berlin-wall-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23Construction beginning on the Berlin Wall

JFK’s visit to Germany and the Berlin Wall;

jfk-library-jfk-at-the-berlin-wall-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23

kennedy-berlin-wall

jfk-library-jfk-at-the-berlin-wall-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23JFK’s handwritten note card for part of his speech at the Berlin Wall; “Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a Berliner)

jfk-library-berlin-wall-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23A section of the Berlin Wall

Somewhat surprisingly, a very low key part of the museum's exhibits.

jfk-library-november-22-1963-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-november-22-1963-jfks-calendar-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-november-22-1963-walter-cronkite-announcing-jfks-death-boston-ma-2016-09-23

Outside Jack Kennedy’s favorite sailboat is “docked” each summer.

jfk-library-victura-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23The “Victura” – This 26’ Wianno-class sloop was sailed on the Cape Cod waters by Jack Kennedy’s parents, Joseph and Rose as well as his children, and his siblings and their children.  During winters, it is stored in Osterville, Massachusetts where it was built in 1932. 

jfk-library-victura-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23

As was the case with the Bill Clinton and George W. Bush Presidential Museums, some of the more controversial aspects of their administrations and personal lives while in office were not addressed.

 

There is also a special exhibit on Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961),

ernest-hemingwayborn in Oak Park, Illinois, started his career as a writer in a newspaper office in Kansas City at the age of seventeen. After the United States entered the First World War, he joined a volunteer ambulance unit in the Italian army.  Serving at the front, he was wounded,

jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-dog-tags-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-wounded-in-wwi-boston-ma-2016-09-23was decorated by the Italian Government, and spent considerable time in hospitals. After his return to the United States, he became a reporter for Canadian and American newspapers and was soon sent back to Europe to cover such events as the Greek Revolution.

During the twenties, Hemingway became a member of the group of expatriate Americans in Paris, which he described in his first important work, The Sun Also Rises (1926).

jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-the-sun-also-rises-original-cover-boston-ma-2016-09-23

jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-the-sun-also-rises-boston-ma-2016-09-23

Equally successful was A Farewell to Arms (1929),

jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-farewell-to-arms-boston-ma-2016-09-23the study of an American ambulance officer's disillusionment in the war and his role as a deserter. Hemingway used his experiences as a reporter during the civil war in Spain as the background for his most ambitious novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940).

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Among his later works, the most outstanding is the short novel, The Old Man and the Sea (1952), the story of an old fisherman's journey, his long and lonely struggle with a fish and the sea, and his victory in defeat.

Photographs of three of Hemingway's four wives are also featured.

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Ernest and first wife, Pauline Piffier (1927)

jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-hemingway-3rd-wife-martha-gellhorn-boston-ma-2016-09-23Wife Number 3, Martha Gellhorn

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Hemingway and his fourth wife, Mary (1947)

He was awarded the Noble Prize for Literature in 1954.

Posted in John Fitzgerald Kennedy Presidential Museum | Leave a comment

September 7, 2016 – Home

We left the Beltway early this morning and made exceptionally good time until reaching the Delaware I-95 Toll Booths where the traffic was backed up more than a mile.  Turns out the problem was a mile further and caused by an overturned truck which had failed to navigate an exit ramp.

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Once by the accident, again smooth sailing reaching

dsc_4024and even our trip through Philadelphia was less congested than usual. 

Once home, we unloaded our motor home, returned it to storage, grabbed a bite of lunch, began to make an almost futile attempt to attack our overgrown landscaping beds before giving up and heading to visit with Doug and family and see their new house … Scott’s tomorrow afternoon!

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September 6, 2016 – Maryland’s State Capitol

After a forty-minute drive, we arrived in Annapolis

annapolisonly to find some extremely narrow roads near the State House and that on-street parking was, at best, a challenge … although we were successful after a car fortuitously vacated a space right in front of us.

The Maryland State House was the first peacetime capitol of the United States and is the only state house ever to have served as the nation’s capital.  The Continental Congress met in the Old Senate Chamber from November 26, 1783, to August 13, 1784.

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It is also the oldest state capitol still in legislative use.

maryland-state-capitol-dome-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Possible model for design of the dome: Schlossturm, the dome of the free-standing tower next to the palace of Karl-Wilhelm, Markgraf of Baden, in Karlsruhe, Germany.  Amazingly, the dome is still held together by wooden pegs, although now reinforced by iron straps.

Thomas Jefferson and James Madison are said to have spent three hours on the balcony of the down in September 1790 enjoying the view of Annapolis houses from their perch above the town.  During the War of 1812, teh balcony was used as an observation platform to watch for British warships.

maryland-state-capitol-cupola-b-annapolis-md-2106-09-06The height of the State House (to the top of the lightening rod) is 181 feet.

A prime example of lightning rod designed according to the theories of Benjamin Franklin who argued that the most effective protection from lightning was a pointed rod, preferably grounded into a deep well.

maryland-state-capitol-finail-lightening-rod-and-flags-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06 Acorns were common decorative elements in the late 18th century.  In the language of the day, "sound as an acorn" meant to be without a flaw, free from imperfection, clearly something the architect of the dome, Joseph Clark, and the General Assembly, intended his creation to be.  The purpose of the State House acorn was to provide stability to the "Franklin" lightning rod which goes through its center.  The original cypress from (ca. 1785-1788), covered with copper panels Pedestal covered with sheet lead, probably from 1837.  During restoration work on the State House dome, it was discovered that the 208 year-old acorn had become rotten because of water seepage. As it too damaged to be repaired, it was decided to replace it by having 32 craftspeople from around the state make "slices" that would be used to assemble a new acorn. The new acorn was then clad in copper and gilded and painted.

The entrance is framed by two enormous brass-relief doors.

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maryland-state-capitol-entrance-door-bas-relief-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06

The interior Rotunda raises 113 feet

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Marble Columns, Railings and Balusters

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Elevators

maryland-state-capitol-elevator-annapolis-md-2106-09-06

Original House Legislative Chamber and Chairs & Desks

maryland-state-capitol-old-state-house-lof-delegates-chamber-annapolis-md-2106-09-06

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maryland-state-capitol-old-house-of-delegates-circa-1876-1893-annapolis-md-2106-09-06

Circa 1876-1893

Current House Legislative Chamber

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maryland-state-capitol-house-of-delegates-carpet-annapolis-md-2106-09-06

maryland-state-capitol-house-of-delegates-skylight-annapolis-md-2106-09-06

Original Senate Chamber

maryland-state-capitol-old-senate-chambers-circa-1876-1877-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Circa 1877

maryland-state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-niche-annapolis-md-2106-09-06The recessed niche, the flat wooden pilasters tto eather side, and the arched plaster trim are some of the only surviving original architectual elements of the Old Senate Chamber.  The throne-like apearance of te overal feater evoked th epower of the president of the Senate, as well as the president of the Congress. 

maryland-state-capitol-george-washingtons-resignation-to-congress-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06It was in the Old Senate Chamber that General George Washington famously resigned his commission as commander in chief of the Continental Army on December 23, 1783 … his handwritten original is on display in the Rotunda

"Mr. President: The great events on which my resignation depended having at length taken place; I have now the honor of offering my sincere Congratulations to Congress and of presenting myself before them to surrender into their hands the trust committed to me, and to claim the indulgence of retiring from the Service of my Country.

Happy in the confirmation of our Independence and Sovereignty, and pleased with the oppertunity afforded the United States of becoming a respectable Nation, I resign with satisfaction the Appointment I accepted with diffidence. A diffidence in my abilities to accomplish so arduous a task, which however was superseded by a confidence in the rectitude of our Cause, the support of the supreme Power of the Union, and the patronage of Heaven.

The Successful termination of the War has verified the most sanguine expectations, and my gratitude for the interposition of Providence, and the assistance I have received from my Countrymen, encreases with every review of the momentous Contest.

While I repeat my obligations to the Army in general, I should do injustice to my own feelings not to acknowledge in this place the peculiar Services and distinguished merits of the Gentlemen who have been attached to my person during the War. It was impossible the choice of confidential Officers to compose my family should have been more fortunate. Permit me Sir, to recommend in particular those, who have continued in Service to the present moment, as worthy of the favorable notice and patronage of Congress.

I consider it an indispensable duty to close this last solemn act of my Official life, by commending the Interests of our dearest Country to the protection of Almighty God, and those who have the superintendence of them, to his holy keeping."

This speech is often considered one of the most important documents in American history as it helped set the precedent that the military was to be subordinate to the civilian government.

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Built between 1777-1779, the gallery originally provided space for private citizens to view the proceedings of the Maryland Senate and was the only area where women were allowed, from the elevated perspective, Molly Ridout observed George Washington’s resignation, an event she described in a letter to her mother.

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Current Senate Chamber

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State House Caucus Room

maryland-state-capitol-legislative-caucus-room-annapolis-md-2106-09-06This room is part of the original 1779 State House.  It has served many purposes over the years, including records office, a flag room exhibiting the state’s Civil War battle flags, a bill room for the Legislature and a Visitor’s Center.

maryland-state-capitol-legislative-caucus-room-grandfathers-clock-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Original Grandfather Clock

In 1904, Governor Edwin Warfield commissioned a custom silver service for the new Armored cruiser USS Maryland (ACR-8).

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The service features many images and symbols of Maryland and is regarded as the finest naval service every made, It was used aboard the USS Maryland until the late 1940s when it was placed on public display … although four pieces of the service are now aboard the nuclear-powered submarine Maryland (SSBN-738).

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Of the many painting on display, one depicts Washington’s resignation speech.  However, it has several glaring errors … including George Washington’s location which was not adjacent to the President’s niche but toward the rear of the room (as shown above) and the presence of Marth Washington (who was a Mount Vernon at the time).

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Marquis de Lafayette

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William Pitt (the “Great Commoner”)

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The four Maryland signors of the Declaration of Independence

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Highlights of the grounds immediately surrounding the Capitol building include:

Old Treasury Building

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-old-treasury-building-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Built in 1735-36 for the Commissioners for Emitting ills of Credit who issued the first paper money of the colony.  Known in the colonial period as the Paper Currency Office and the Loan Office, the building acquired its present name in the 1780s when it housed the Treasurer’s Office.

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17th Century Cannon

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Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Plaque

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USS Maryland (BB-46) Ship’s Bell

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Baron Johann de Kalb

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-of-baron-johann-de-kalb-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06A distinguished Revolutionary War hero and friend of Marquis de Lafayette.  DeKalb served at Valley Forge during the winter of 1777-78 and was assigned to lead a division of Maryland and Delaware troops during the southern campaign.  At the Battle of Camden, South Carolina on August 16, 1780, his horse was shot from underneath him and he was shot and bayonetted by British troops.

U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Brook Taney

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-of-roger-brooke-taney-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Roger Taney was born in Maryland and served as Attorney General of the US and Secretary of the Treasury.  He was sworn in as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court on March 15, 1836 and served until his death in 1864.  Although Taney personally considered slavery as an evil and he freed his own slaves when he inherited them and provided pensions to those too old to work.   Yet, he believed its abolition had to be led by the states in which slavery existed.  In the infamous Dred Scott v Sandford decision, Taney wrote that persons of African descent did not possess rights of citizenship, because, he said, the framers had not included blacks, either free or enslaved, in the original community of people covered by the Constitution.  The Court also held that the 1820 Missouri Compromise which prohibited slavery in the western territories was unconstitutional.  Aside from the Dred Scott decision, however. Taney is considered by many legal scholars and historians to have been a great magistrate and a distinguished chief justice.

Justice Thurgood Marshall

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-thurgood-marshall-annapolis-md-2106-09-06with nearby statues of parties of two of the cases with which he is most noted.

Brown v. Board of Education

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-brown-v-board-of-education-annapolis-md-2106-09-06In which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.

Murry v. Pearson

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-murray-v-university-of-maryland-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Murray v. Pearson was a Maryland Court of Appeals decision which found "the state has undertaken the function of education in the law, but has omitted students of one race from the only adequate provision made for it, and omitted them solely because of their color." On January 15, 1936, the court affirmed the lower court ruling which ordered the university to immediately integrate its student population, and therefore created a legal precedent making segregation in Maryland illegal.

Not too far away, the dome of the United States Naval Academy chapel stood out above the Annapolis skyline.

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After walking the State Capitol grounds we visited passed the Governor’s Mansion with its beautiful landscaping

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just across the street, the Annapolis Post Office

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and St. Anne’s Parish, an historic Episcopal church located in Church Circle, and the third to sit on the site.

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The first St. Anne's (1704-1775)was founded in 1692 after the passing of the Establishment Act. The Act allowed for the construction of the State House, King William's School, and St. Anne's, though due to the limited work force and insufficient funds, all of the projects were finished much later than expected and work started out slowly.  In 1699 the General Assembly specified that the dimensions of the church were to be 65 feet wide and 30 feet long  with a porch and a tower that would hang a bell.  But due to the insufficient funds, no progress was made until 1700, when the government invested enough money to begin construction.  By 1704, the church was finished, though some changes were made in the structure.  It served Chapel River until 1715, when the Province of Maryland was returned to Lord Baltimore.  A bell, which would call parishioners to services until it was destroyed by fire in 1858, was donated to St. Anne's by Queen Anne.

After the original church was razed, the local government made plans to build a new church.  Unfortunately, construction had to be cancelled since it was planned at the beginning of the Revolutionary War.  The bricks and timber that were to be used to build to new church were sent to the Severn River to build a fort, and most of the work force went off to fight. During the War,

After the War officially ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the newly founded United States went into economic depression due to severe war debts and dislocation of accustomed trading patterns.  This cause a further delay on the new church building's construction.  Finally, in 1792, the new St. Anne's church was finished. It was much larger and more structurally secure than It’s predecessor.  On February 14, 1858, a furnace fire practically destroyed the interior of the building. Most of the original documents from the old church burned, and a new church building was requested.

The third and final church was built in 1858. It was designed in a Romanesque Revival style and incorporated a portion of the old tower. Most of the church was built in that year apart from the steeple which was finished in 1866 due to the Civil War. This is St. Anne's current church building.

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st-annes-parish-kneeling-stools-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Each of the kneeling stools has been individually needle-pointed commemorating the 300th anniversary of the formation of the original parish.

 

Wendy Manley, one of Debbie’s two best friends from our years in Yardley (we’d visited Jane Johnson while in Mesa) joined us for lunch.

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September 5, 2016 – Visiting with Jackie Aumann’s Family

Today we began to pack some items in anticipation of our trip home the day after tomorrow.   This evening, we had dinner with Heidi ad Brian Foley and family.  Her mom, Jackie, who passed away in July, was Debbie’s best friend during the many years we lived in Amherst, New Hampshire; and whom we’d seen just this past May during trip to new Hampshire to see Nancy and family.

As has happened on four occasions in recent years, close friends or a family member has passed away and during our extended travels making it impractical to attend their funeral services.  Luckily, Jackie’s husband, Fritz, was visiting with his daughter and family giving us an opportunity to visit with him.

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