August 12, 2016 – Utah State Capitol – Cathedral of Madeline – Temple Square

Utah’s state capitol was originally targeted for a small town in central, Fillmore (in Millard County, no less), not surprisingly named for President Millard Fillmore who was in office when Utah became a territory.  In fact, a new state capitol building was actually built.

Utah Territorial Capitol, Fillmore, UT - 2016-0-12

However, as the vast majority of the population, and therefore, the majority of legislators lived in Salt Lake City, the thought of having to travel to Fillmore was not popular.  As a result in December 1856 Salt Lake City became the territory’s and then state’s capitol.  The hilltop site on which today’s capitol sits, was once an armory.  However, an explosion destroyed the facility and surrounding neighborhood. 

Utah State Capitol (Site of Capitol after Armory Explosion), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

With no capitol building in the state in 1909, the governor initiated a design contest which was finally won by an Architect, Richard Kleeting.

Utah State Capitol (Kleeting's Winning Design Entry for the Capitol), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Today’s capitol, completed in 116 is a magnificent structure in the Italian Renaissance Revival style and offers a spectacular view of the City and views to the west.

Utah State Capitol (a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12404’ long by 240’ wide

Utah State Capitol (b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

The dome is covered with Utah copper.

Utah State Capitol (Dome), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (Dome Copula), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

 

Among the innovations included in Kleeting’s design were the latest technologies.  He used the modern techniques of non-flammable reinforced concrete for the structural systems rather than timber frame, a central vacuum system, fire-proofing, elevators and electric lighting.

In the center of the first floor is a large state seal.

Utah State Capitol (State Seal), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Above, the light bulbs were designed to look like those invented by Thomas Edison.

Utah State Capitol (Lower Level Corridor Light Bulbs), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

The Rotunda is situated on the second floor

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Dome - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (Lower Rotunda - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Its ceiling soaring 165’ feet, on which California seagulls, the state bird, are visible.

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Dome - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Perhaps the most significant additions to the Rotunda since the 2004-2008 restoration are the 11-foot bronze sculpture groups created by artists Eugene Daub, Robert Firmin, and Jonah Hendrickson. The original Capitol Commission report of 1915-1916 included a recommendation from artists of the era that when budgets allowed for additional art in and on the building, themes were to be classical allegorical. The new sculptures feature an adult figure in each niche who mentors a youthful companion. They are collectively called by their sculptors “The Great Utahns.”

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Statue - Arts and Education), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Arts and Education

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Statue - Immigration and Settlement), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Immigration and Settlement

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Statue - Land and Community), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Land and Community

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Statue - Science and Technology), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Science and Technology

High above hangs a chandelier weighing 6,000 lbs.

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Chandelier - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Chandelier - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Chandelier - c), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Above the statues are four painting depicting major milestones in the history of Utah

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Art - Father Escalante Discovers Utah Lake – 1776), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-Father Escalante Discovers Utah Lake – 1776

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Art - Peter Skene Ogden at Ogden River – 1828), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Peter Skene Ogden at Ogden River – 1828

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Art - Fremont First Sees Great Salt Lake – 1843 ), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-1John Fremont First Sees Great Salt Lake – 1843

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Art - Brigham Young and Pioneers Entering the Valley - 1847), Salt Lake City, UTBrigham Young and Pioneers Entering the Valley – 1847

Murals hang over the entrances to House of Representatives

Utah State Capitol (Artwork over the House of Representatives Entrance - The Passing of the Wagons), Salt LakThe Passing of the Wagons

and Old Supreme Court chambers.

Utah State Capitol (Artwork over the Old Supreme Court Entrance -  Madonna of the Covered Wagon), Salt Lake CMadonna of the Cover Wagon

The stairs from the Rotunda to the third floor,

Utah State Capitol (Marble Staircase), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Railing balusters,

Utah State Capitol (Marble Ballisters), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12and 24 towering monolithic columns, the largest in the country,

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Marble Columns), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (Rotunda Marble Column Capstone), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

are made of solid Georgia Marble.

Governor’s Office

Utah State Capitol (Governor's Formal Office), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12The Governor’s Desk and Table were made from the trees toppled by a 1999 tornado (see below) which struck Capitol Hill

Utah State Capitol (1999 Storm Damage), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12In his outer office is a united states flag made up of the faces US Veterans killed in action.

Utah State Capitol (Flag Made from Faces of Fallen Utah Veterans), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

State Reception Room (The “Gold” Room)

Utah State Capitol (Reception or Gold Room), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12 

Utah State Capitol (Reception or Gold Room - Gold Decorations), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

House of Representatives

Utah State Capitol (House Chamber - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (House Chamber - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (House Chamber Ceiling Art - Ornate Dental Molding), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (House Chamber - Skylight), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (House Chamber Ceiling Art - Seraph Young Votes), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Seraph Young, the first woman in Utah to vote

Senate

Utah State Capitol (Senate Chamber - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol (Senate Chamber - Original Senate Desks), Salt Lake City, UT - 20Original State Senate Desks

Utah State Capitol (Senate Chamber Ceiling Art - Ancestral Home), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Ancestral Home

Utah State Capitol (Senate Chamber Ceiling Art - Orchard Along the Foothills), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-1Orchard Along the Foothills

Supreme Court

The Old Supreme Court Chamber was closed while being repainted.  However, we were able to locate a photo of the courtroom.

Utah State Capitol (Supreme Court Original Chamber - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Each state selects two statues to reside in the US Capitol’s Statuary Hall.  Replicas of Utah’s statues are also fund in the State Capitol.

Utah State Capitol (Statue of Brigham Young), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Brigham Young

Utah State Capitol (Artwork - Statue of Philo T. Farnsworth - Father of Television ), Salt Lake City, UT - 20Philo T. Farnsworth – Father of Television

The building fourth floor has a series of photos describing the construction and later renovation of the Capitol.  In addition, there are several busts and other artifacts on display.

Utah State Capitol (Artwork - Buffalo Statue), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Buffalo

Utah State Capitol (Artwork - Bust of Abraham Lincoln), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Abraham Lincoln

Utah State Capitol (Artwork - Bust of UtetUnca Sam), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Ute Unca Sam

Utah State Capitol (Artwork - Bust of Ute Chief John Duncan), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Ute Chief John Duncan who helped the Pioneers

 

During the restoration of the Capitol between 2004-2008, this pair of shoes was found inside one of the terra cotta railing or balustrades, on the outside of the Capitol dome  This may be a reference to an old European tradition of placing a worn pair of shoes inside a wall or foundation of a new structure to ward off evil or bring good luck.  This is not the first capitol where we’ve seen where old shoes have been recovered during building renovations or restorations.

Utah State Capitol (Shoes found during Restoration), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12The shoes were wrapped in a sheet of newspaper dated July 3, 1914. 

Utah State Capitol (Shoes Wraping Newspaper), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

One of the Capitol’s 1998 renovation objectives is to improve seismic capacity while maintaining the Capitol building’s historic appearance. Located in Salt Lake City, the building stands in an earthquake zone where seismic monitoring stations record more than 700 earthquakes each year. Studies indicate that a ground-rupturing earthquake of approximately 6.7 or greater on the Richter scale occurs along the Salt Lake City region of the Wasatch Fault about once every 1,300 years, and geologists estimate that it has been 1,300 years since the last such earthquake.

This is a small model of a base isolator, a cylinder made of rubber, steel and lead.  During an earthquake, base isolators do exactly as the name indicates; they isolate the foundation of a building from the movement of the ground, providing crucial protection against severe and life-threatening damage. 

Utah State Capitol (Foundation Earthquake Isolator), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

During the renovation, the capitol’s foundation was removed and replaced.  Each of 265 concrete support columns under the building was cut.  One base isolator was installed at the bottom of each column; supporting the Capitol’s 168 million pounds.  They allow the building to move independently of the ground and to shift as much as two feet in any direction in the case of a 7.3 magnitude earthquake.

We were fortunate to have an opportunity visit the basement and see the installations.

Utah State Capitol (Foundation Earthquake Isolator in Place), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Outside on the Capitol Grounds are found:

Beehive

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Beehive Monument), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Utah is known as the “Beehive State” and representations of beehives are found all over different Utah signs, monuments, and buildings.

LIONS

Utah State Capitol Grounds (East Entrance Lion), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Two pairs of Italian marble sculptured lions are symbolic guardians sit at the east and west entrances of the Capitol.

Statues of four prominent Utahans grace an interior courtyard

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Statue - d), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Statue - c), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Statue - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Statue - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Mormon Battalion Monument

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Mormon Battalion Monument), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos Veterans Memorial

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos Veterans Memoril - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12This memorial honors veteran soldiers from Utah who served in the Vietnam Conflict. It lists 388 names of men and women who died or went missing in action.

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos Veterans Memoria - c), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos Veterans Memoria - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Law Enforcement Memorial

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Utah Law Enforcement Memorial - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12The stone wall behind the sculptures display the names of 137 officers that have died while protecting Utah citizens. A round plaque serves as the centerpiece of the monument and is laid in the ground to honor those who served our great state. The words—”all give some, some give all”—remind visitors of the sacrifice made by Utahns all over the state.

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Utah Law Enforcement Memorial - c), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Utah Law Enforcement Memorial - d), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Utah Law Enforcement Memorial - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Chief Massisoit

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Chief Massasoit), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12A tribute to the Wampanogas chief who greeted the Pilgrims at Plymouth Rock in Massachusetts.

Civil War Memorial

Utah State Capitol Grounds (Civil War Memorial), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Although no Civil War battles were fought in Utah Territory, units from both Utah and California were assigned to guard mail and telegraph lines, which were being raided by Native American tribes. This monument is dedicated to the Utahans who helped protect those communication lines, and it lists the names of all 130 men who served in this capacity: 24 men who served under Colonel Robert T. Burton and 106 men who served under Captain Lot Smith.

 

We then made an attempt to visit the Governor’s Mansion

Governor's Mansion (b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Governor's Mansion (a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Unfortunately, tours are only given on Thursdays … and today it’s not Thursday!

Nearby, the First Presbyterian Church (established 1871), as most non-Catholic churches, was not open.

First Presbyterian Church (Estab 1871) (a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

First Presbyterian Church (Estab 1871) (b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

First Presbyterian Church (Estab 1871) (d), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

However, the magnificent Cathedral of Madeline was!

Cathedral of Madeline (a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Cathedral of Madeline (b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Cathedral of Madeline (c), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Cathedral of Madeline (Nave), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Nave

Cathedral of Madeline (Ceiling), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Ceiling

Cathedral of Madeline (Apse), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12 Apse

Cathedral of Madeline (Apse Ceiling), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Cathedral of Madeline (Stain Glass Window - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Nave Stain Glass Window

Cathedral of Madeline (Organ Loft), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Organ and Choir Loft

Cathedral of Madeline (Organ Loft Stain Glass Window), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Before heading back to our campground, we decided to revisit Temple Square, which we’d seen during a trip to Salt Lake City many years ago.

Temple Square (Salt Lake  City Temple - a), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Main Temple

Temple Square (Salt Lake City Temple - b), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12

Temple Square (Salt Lake City Temple Reflection), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Reflected in the window of the Visitor’s Center

Temple Square (Salt Lake City Temple - Statue of Garbiel), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Statue of Gabriel atop the Temple

Temple Square (Assembly Hall), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Assembly Hall

Temple Square (Assembly Hall Reflection), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Also reflected in the widows of a nearby building

Temple Square (Assembly Hall - Nave), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Nave

Temple Square (Assembly Hall - Spiral Staircase), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Spiral Staircase

Temple Square (Assembly Hall - Column), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Wooden Column faux-painted to look like marble; as are all of the columns throughout the LDS Temple Square complex

Temple Square (Seagull Monument - Top), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Top of the Seagull Monument

Temple Square (Handcart Pioneer Monument), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Pioneer Handcart Monument

Temple Square (LDS Conference Center), Salt Lake City, UT - 2016-08-12Waterfall in front of the LDS Conference Center

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