September 26, 2016 – Massachusetts State House– Massachusetts State House (Non-RV Post)

Returning to Cape Cod from New Hampshire, we again stopped in Boston, this time to visit the Massachusetts State Capitol, or State House.





The building is situated on 6.7 acres of land on top of Beacon Hill in Boston, opposite the Boston Common.  It was built on land once owned by John Hancock, Massachusetts's first elected governor.

The original wood dome, which leaked, was covered with copper in 1802 by Paul Revere’s  Copper Company.  Revere was the first American to roll copper successfully into sheets in a commercially-viable manner.

The dome was first painted gray and then light yellow before being gilded with gold leaf in 1874. During World War II, the dome was painted once again, this time black or gray (depending on the source), to prevent reflection during blackouts and to protect the city and building from bombing attacks. In 1997, at a cost of more than $300,000, the dome was re-gilded, in 23k gold.

The dome is topped with a gilded, wooden pine cone, symbolizing both the importance of Boston's lumber industry during early colonial times and of the state of Maine, which was a district of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts when the Bulfinch section of the building was completed.

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-skylight-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Dome Skylight

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-floor-a-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Floor

massachusetts-state-house-main-staircase-stained-glass-window-boston-ma-2016-09-26Stained-glass Window at the landing on the main staircase

massachusetts-state-house-doric-hall-boston-ma-2016-09-26Doric Hall




House Chamber


massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-the-sacred-cod-boston-ma-2016-09-26The Sacred Cod was given by John Rowe, a prominent merchant and representative from Boston, and installed in the Old State House "as a memorial of the importance of the cod fishery to the welfare of this Commonwealth, as had been usual formerly."  This is the second carving of a New England codfish to preside over the General Court—its predecessor presumably lost during the Revolution.  By this time, the image was a familiar one, appearing on everything from corporate seals to weathervanes and stairwell decorations.  New claims to fishing rights both coastal and on the high seas, however, strained negotiations with England for years, and undoubtedly fueled Rowe's desire to reinstall the simple yet potent emblem over the heads of his fellow legislators.

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1630-governor-winthrop-at-salem-bringing-the-charter-of-the-bay-colony-to-massachusetts-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 1630 – Governor Winthrop at Salem Bringing the Charter of the Bay Colony to Massachusetts

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1689-the-arrest-of-governor-andros-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 1689 – The Arrest of Governor Andros

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1697-the-public-repentance-of-judge-samuel-sewall-for-his-action-in-the-witchcraft-trials-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 1697 – The Public Repentance of Judge Samuel Sewall for his Action in the Witchcraft Trials

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1779-john-adams-samuel-adams-and-james-bowdoin-drafting-the-massachusetts-constitution-of-1780-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 1779 – John Adams, Samuel Adams, and James Bowdoin Drafting the Massachusetts Constitution of 1780

massachusetts-state-house-house-mural-1788-john-hancock-proposing-the-addition-of-the-bill-of-rights-to-the-federal-constitution-boston-ma-2016-09-26  Mural – 1788 – John Hancock Proposing the Addition of the Bill of Rights to the Federal Constitution

Senate Chamber



massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-ben-franklin-bust-boston-ma-2016-09-26Ben Franklin

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-marquis-de-lafayette-bust-boston-ma-2016-09-26Marquis de Lafayette

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-the-holy-mackrel-boston-ma-2016-09-26The Holy Mackerel

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-captain-john-parkers-musket-boston-ma-2016-09-26Captain John Parker's Musket – Said to have been used by Captain John Parker at the Battle of Lexington, April 19, 1775. Believed to be the only documented firearm to have participated in the battle.

massachusetts-state-house-senate-chamber-kings-arms-musket-boston-ma-2016-09-26British musket belonging to a soldier of the 43rd Regiment of Foot, probably captured at or near Lexington, April 19, 1775.

Old Senate Chamber


massachusetts-state-house-old-senate-chamber-13-seat-table-boston-ma-2016-09-26This table is divided into 13 segments, each representing one of the original 13 colonies with the size of each segment proportional to the population of the states at the time.



massachusetts-state-house-old-senate-chamber-clock-boston-ma-2016-09-26The bird over the clock has the body of an eagle and the head of a bird


Other Artworks Throughout the State House

massachusetts-state-house-george-washington-boston-ma-2016-09-26Statue of George Washington – depicted as a representative of the people, rather than in military dress. Having never met his subject, the sculptor was loaned a full-length portrait of the president by Gilbert Stuart from which to model the face. The scroll and drapery held to the chest, however, are neo-classical references that were still popular in England.

massachusetts-state-house-abraham-lincoln-life-sized-portrait-boston-ma-2016-09-26Abraham Lincoln – life-size (6’4”) portrait – the body was painted after his death and the head added from that portrait from which the image on the penny was taken.  Notice that one arm is hidden behind his back … when painted, the addition of arms and legs added to the cost (a reason the phrase “costing and arm and a leg” came into usage).

massachusetts-state-house-sam-adams-portrait-boston-ma-2016-09-26Sam Adams

massachusetts-state-house-british-cannon-captured-during-the-war-of-1812-boston-ma-2016-09-26British Cannon Captured During the War of 1812

massachusetts-state-house-john-hancock-boston-ma-2016-09-26John Hancock

massachusetts-state-house-john-adams-bust-boston-ma-2016-09-26John Adams

massachusetts-state-house-louis-brandeis-us-supreme-court-associate-justice-bust-boston-ma-2016-09-26Louis Brandeis – US Supreme Court Associate Justice Bust

massachusetts-state-house-angels-of-mercy-army-nurses-boston-ma-2016-09-26Angels of Mercy Monument to Army Nurses

massachusetts-state-house-charles-bullfinch-state-house-architect-boston-ma-2016-09-26Charles Bulfinch – State House Architect

massachusetts-state-house-calvin-coolidge-portrait-boston-ma-2016-09-26President Calvin Coolidge

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-mural-1620-the-pilgrims-on-the-mayflower-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Mural – 1620 – The Pilgrims on the Mayflower

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-mural-1775-the-battle-at-concord-bridge-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Mural – 1775 – The Battle at Concord Bridge

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-mural-1865-return-of-the-civil-war-colors-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Mural – 1865 – Return of the Civil War Color

massachusetts-state-house-rotunda-mural-circa-1650-john-eliot-preaching-to-the-indians-boston-ma-2016-09-26Rotunda Mural – circa 1650 – John Eliot Preaching to the Indians

massachusetts-state-house-mural-104th-aef-regiment-receiving-french-decoration-in-1918-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – 104th AEF Regiment Receiving French Decoration in 1918

massachusetts-state-house-mural-james-otis-arguing-against-the-writs-of-assistance-in-the-old-towne-house-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – James Otis Arguing Against the Writs of Assistance in the Old Towne House

massachusetts-state-house-mural-paul-reveres-ride-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – Paul Revere's Ride – And, "No", he didn't yell, "The British are Coming!" becasue, at th time everyone in American werer British citizens and many of them were "Loyalists".  Rather, it is beleived he knocked on teh doors of partiots and told them "The Regulars are Coming!"

massachusetts-state-house-mural-the-boston-tea-party-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mural – The Boston Tea Party

massachusetts-state-house-governor-mitt-romney-portrait-boston-ma-2016-09-26Former Governor Mitt Romney


While the State House Grounds are limited, several statues of notable and unknown Massachusetts residents sit in prominent locations.

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-daniel-webster-boston-ma-2016-09-26Daniel Webster – an American statesman who twice served in the United States House of Representatives representing both New Hampshire and Massachusetts, served as a US Senator from Massachusetts, and served as Secretary of State under three presidents. 

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-horace-mann-boston-ma-2016-09-26Horace Mann – an American politician and foremost educational reformer

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-general-fighting-joe-hooker-boston-ma-2016-09-26“Fighting” Joe Hooker – a Union General who is best remembered for his stunning defeat by in 1863. Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Chancellorsville in 1863.

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-anne-marbury-hutchinson-boston-ma-2016-09-26Ann Marbury Hutchinson, a Puritan spiritual adviser, mother of 15, and an important participant in the Antinomian Controversy that shook the infant Massachusetts Bay Colony from 1636 to 1638. Her strong religious convictions were at odds with the established Puritan clergy in the Boston area, and her popularity and charisma helped create a theological Schism that threatened to destroy the Puritans' religious community in New England. She was eventually tried and convicted, then banished from the colony with many of her supporters.

massachusetts-state-house-grounds-quaker-mary-dyer-boston-ma-2016-09-26Mary Dyer (c. 1611 – 1 June 1660), was an English and colonial American Puritan turned Quaker who was hanged on the Boston Common in 1660, for repeatedly defying a Puritan law banning Quakers from the colony.  She is one of the four executed Quakers known as the Boston Martyrs.


We also had an opportunity to visit the Massachusetts Old State House;

old-massachusetts-state-house-a-boston-ma-2016-09-26built in 1712–13.  The previous building, the wooden Town House of 1657, had burned in the fire of 1711.  A notable feature was the pair of seven-foot tall wooden figures depicting a lion and unicorn, symbols of the British monarchy.





On March 5, 1770, the Boston Massacre occurred in front of the building.


The King's Chapel congregation was founded in 1686 as the first Anglican Church in colonial New England during the reign of King James II.  The original King's Chapel was a wooden church built in 1688

kings-chapel-original-1688-boston-maat the corner of Tremont and School Streets, where the church stands today.  It was situated on the public burying ground, now King’s Chapel Burying Ground,


kings-chapel-burying-ground-tombstones-boston-ma-2016-09-26where the state’s first Governor and his family are interred,


Because no resident would sell land for a non-Calvinist church.





the church is characterized by wooden columns with Corinthian capitals that were hand-carved in 1758.


Seating is accommodated by box pews,


most of which were originally owned by the member families who paid pew rent and decorated the pews to their personal tastes.  The current uniform appearance of the pews dates from the 1920s.

The pulpit was built in 1717 by a local Huguenot carver for the first King’s Chapel building.

kings-chapel-pulpit-boston-ma-0216-09-26It is the oldest pulpit in the United States still in use on its original site.  More than 30,000 sermons have been preached from it.  Today, the Minister still reads the service from the Reading Desk and the Ascends to the pulpit to preach the sermon.  Originally, a Clerk stood in the lowest level of the desk, from where he led the singing and reading of the psalms and chants.  The Sounding Board above the pulpit was installed in 1836 and helps project the minister’s voice out over the congregation.  The hand-carved rails leading up to it were made by apprentices.  Following Puritan tradition, one of them rotates the wrong way, symbolizing human imperfection.

The King's Chapel bell, cast in England, was hung in 1772. In 1814 it cracked, was recast by Paul Revere, and was rehung. It is the largest bell cast by the Revere foundry, and the last one cast by Paul Revere himself. It has been rung at services ever since.

The Park Street Church (built in 1809)


park-street-chruchis predated to 1804 when the "Religious Improvement Society" began weekly meetings with lectures and prayer.  The society organized the charter of the church on February 27, 1809 by twenty-six local people, mostly former members of the Old South Meeting House, who wanted to plant a church with orthodox Trinitarian theology.

The church is located adjacent to the historic Old Granary Burying Ground.


granary-burial-ground-tombstones-boston-ma-2016-09-26founded in 1660, is the city of Boston’s third-oldest cemetery.  It is the final resting place for many notable Revolutionary War-era patriots, including three signers of the Declaration of Independence, Samuel Adams, John Hancock, and Paul Revere

granary-burial-ground-paul-reveres-tomb-boston-ma-2016-09-26and the five victims of the Boston Massacre.  The cemetery has 2,345 grave-markers, but historians estimate as many as 5,000 people are buried in it.

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September 23, 2016 – John F. Kennedy Library and Museum (Non-RV Post)

We left Cape Cod (MA) where we’ve been for the past two weeks to drive to New Hampshire to spend the weekend  with our daughter, Nancy, and her family.  With our route taking us through Boston, we took a detour this morning to visit the JFK Library and Museum.


Built with private contributions from over 36 million donors, the Library’s archives include more than five million pages of personal, congressional and presidential papers of JFK.  It also houses the papers of his brother, Robert F. Kennedy and more than 400 other individuals who were associated with the Kennedy Administration or mid-20th century American History.  The Ernest Hemingway Collection, which holds approximated 90% of all of the Nobel Prize Winner’s manuscripts, is also housed in the Library’s archives.

The Museum experience begins with a video ”Young Jack” which highlights President Kennedy’s life before he entered politics; his childhood,

kennedy-family-1931Kennedy Family (1931)

education (he was a friend and classmate of my dad’s at Harvard), military service (including his command of the ill-fated PT-109)


kennedy-pt-109and brief stint as a special correspondent for Hearst Newspapers (his father was a close friend of William Randolph Hearst) an assignment which kept Kennedy's name in the public eye and "expose[d] him to journalism as a possible career."  He worked as a correspondent that May, covering the Potsdam Conference and other events.

From there you take at sequential tour through JFK’s political career, beginning with six years in the house of Representatives (1947-1952) followed by two terms in the U.S. Senate (1953-196). 

Jacqueline Bouvier and then-Representative John F. Kennedy were formally introduced by a mutual friend at a dinner party in May 1952.  Kennedy was then busy running for the US Senate but after his election in November, he proposed marriage to her. Bouvier took some time to accept, as she had been assigned to cover the coronation of Queen Elizabeth for The Washington Times-Herald.  After a month in Europe, she returned to the United States, accepted the proposal, and resigned from her position at the newspaper.  Their engagement was announced on June 25, 1953.  They were married on September 12, 1953, in Newport, Rhode Island.


The exhibits take you through the Primary Campaign and Democratic Convention;



jfk-library-01-convention-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23Los Angeles Convention



The Campaign and Debate against Richard Nixon;



jfk-library-03-debate-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23Actual broadcast equipment from the debate

The Election results and Inauguration;

  Vice Presidential
Popular Vote Electoral Vote
John Kennedy Lyndon Johnson Democratic 34,220,984 49.72% 303 56.4%
Richard Nixon Henry Lodge Republican 34,108,157 49.55% 219 40.8%
Unpledged Electors Democratic 286,359 0.42% 15 2.8%
Y Other (+) 216,983 0.32% 0 0.0%

Oath of Office



Actual (final) copy of JFK’s Inauguration Speech


jfk-library-04-inauguration-c-boston-ma-2016-09-23-copyJFK’s White House;



jfk-library-us-ussr-hotline-equipment-boston-ma-2016-09-23Washington-Moscow Hotline Equipment (circa 1963) – Although it was not used until 1967 during the Six Day War in the Middle East, it had to be tested every day

jfk-library-jfk-dictating-in-the-oval-office-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23President Kennedy dictating




jfk-library-photograph-of-jack-bobby-and-ted-kennedy-boston-ma-2016-09-23Jack, Robert and Ted Kennedy (1962)

jfk-library-painting-by-jackie-kennedy-for-jfk-1961-boston-ma-2016-09-23Painted by Jackie Kennedy for Jack (1961)

The White House  – An American Camelot;






Which included lavish of gifts from scores of world leaders

jfk-library-gift-pieta-from-the-pope-boston-ma-2016-09-23Replica of the Pieta from the Pope

jfk-library-gift-jewelry-from-the-president-of-pakistan-boston-ma-2016-09-23Jeweled necklace, earrings and ring from the President of Pakistan

jfk-library-gift-jeweled-pocketbook-boston-ma-2016-09-23Gold purse with openwork floral design bordered along front edges with inset alternating rubies and emeralds given to the First Lady by King Hassan of Morocco

A section dedicated to Jackie’s early years

jfk-library-jackie-kennedys-camera-cira-1953-boston-ma-2016-09-23Jackie’s camera (circa 1953)

JFK’s Civil Rights efforts;

kennedy-civil-riightsKennedy meets with leaders of the March on Washington in the Oval Office, August 28, 1963

kennedy-james-meredithIn September 1962, Ja James Meredith enrolled at the University of Mississippi but was prevented from entering. Attorney General Robert Kennedy responded by sending 400 federal marshals, while President Kennedy reluctantly sent 3,000 troops after the situation on campus turned violent.

The Space Program;

kennedy-send-a-man-to-teh-moon“… I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moon and returning him safely to the Earth.”

jfk-library-freedom-7-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23Mercury Astronaut, Alan Shepard’s Freedom-7 Capsule


The Peace Corps;

jfk-library-peace-corps-authorization-boston-ma-2016-09-23Peace Corps Authorization


jfk-library-peace-corp-sargeant-shriver-in-afghanistan-boston-ma-2016-09-23Sargeant Schriver, JFK’s brother-in-law, and the first head of the Peace Corps, in Afghanistan

Nuclear Test Ban Treaty;


The Cuban Missile Crisis;


kennedy-cuba-3A U-2 reconnaissance photographs of Cuba, showing Soviet nuclear missiles, their transports and tents for fueling and maintenance.

kennedy-cuba-2JFK signing the Proclamation for Interdiction of the Delivery of Offensive Weapons to Cuba on October 23, 1962.

The Berlin Wall and;



jfk-library-presidential-briefing-book-on-berlin-wall-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23Construction beginning on the Berlin Wall

JFK’s visit to Germany and the Berlin Wall;



jfk-library-jfk-at-the-berlin-wall-b-boston-ma-2016-09-23JFK’s handwritten note card for part of his speech at the Berlin Wall; “Ich bin ein Berliner (I am a Berliner)

jfk-library-berlin-wall-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23A section of the Berlin Wall

Somewhat surprisingly, a very low key part of the museum's exhibits.




Outside Jack Kennedy’s favorite sailboat is “docked” each summer.

jfk-library-victura-a-boston-ma-2016-09-23The “Victura” – This 26’ Wianno-class sloop was sailed on the Cape Cod waters by Jack Kennedy’s parents, Joseph and Rose as well as his children, and his siblings and their children.  During winters, it is stored in Osterville, Massachusetts where it was built in 1932. 


As was the case with the Bill Clinton and George W. Bush Presidential Museums, some of the more controversial aspects of their administrations and personal lives while in office were not addressed.


There is also a special exhibit on Ernest Hemingway (1899-1961),

ernest-hemingwayborn in Oak Park, Illinois, started his career as a writer in a newspaper office in Kansas City at the age of seventeen. After the United States entered the First World War, he joined a volunteer ambulance unit in the Italian army.  Serving at the front, he was wounded,


jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-wounded-in-wwi-boston-ma-2016-09-23was decorated by the Italian Government, and spent considerable time in hospitals. After his return to the United States, he became a reporter for Canadian and American newspapers and was soon sent back to Europe to cover such events as the Greek Revolution.

During the twenties, Hemingway became a member of the group of expatriate Americans in Paris, which he described in his first important work, The Sun Also Rises (1926).



Equally successful was A Farewell to Arms (1929),

jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-farewell-to-arms-boston-ma-2016-09-23the study of an American ambulance officer's disillusionment in the war and his role as a deserter. Hemingway used his experiences as a reporter during the civil war in Spain as the background for his most ambitious novel, For Whom the Bell Tolls (1940).


Among his later works, the most outstanding is the short novel, The Old Man and the Sea (1952), the story of an old fisherman's journey, his long and lonely struggle with a fish and the sea, and his victory in defeat.

Photographs of three of Hemingway's four wives are also featured.


Ernest and first wife, Pauline Piffier (1927)

jfk-library-hemingway-exhibit-hemingway-3rd-wife-martha-gellhorn-boston-ma-2016-09-23Wife Number 3, Martha Gellhorn


Hemingway and his fourth wife, Mary (1947)

He was awarded the Noble Prize for Literature in 1954.

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September 7, 2016 – Home

We left the Beltway early this morning and made exceptionally good time until reaching the Delaware I-95 Toll Booths where the traffic was backed up more than a mile.  Turns out the problem was a mile further and caused by an overturned truck which had failed to navigate an exit ramp.


Once by the accident, again smooth sailing reaching

dsc_4024and even our trip through Philadelphia was less congested than usual. 

Once home, we unloaded our motor home, returned it to storage, grabbed a bite of lunch, began to make an almost futile attempt to attack our overgrown landscaping beds before giving up and heading to visit with Doug and family and see their new house … Scott’s tomorrow afternoon!

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September 6, 2016 – Maryland’s State Capitol

After a forty-minute drive, we arrived in Annapolis

annapolisonly to find some extremely narrow roads near the State House and that on-street parking was, at best, a challenge … although we were successful after a car fortuitously vacated a space right in front of us.

The Maryland State House was the first peacetime capitol of the United States and is the only state house ever to have served as the nation’s capital.  The Continental Congress met in the Old Senate Chamber from November 26, 1783, to August 13, 1784.



It is also the oldest state capitol still in legislative use.

maryland-state-capitol-dome-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Possible model for design of the dome: Schlossturm, the dome of the free-standing tower next to the palace of Karl-Wilhelm, Markgraf of Baden, in Karlsruhe, Germany.  Amazingly, the dome is still held together by wooden pegs, although now reinforced by iron straps.

Thomas Jefferson and James Madison are said to have spent three hours on the balcony of the down in September 1790 enjoying the view of Annapolis houses from their perch above the town.  During the War of 1812, teh balcony was used as an observation platform to watch for British warships.

maryland-state-capitol-cupola-b-annapolis-md-2106-09-06The height of the State House (to the top of the lightening rod) is 181 feet.

A prime example of lightning rod designed according to the theories of Benjamin Franklin who argued that the most effective protection from lightning was a pointed rod, preferably grounded into a deep well.

maryland-state-capitol-finail-lightening-rod-and-flags-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06 Acorns were common decorative elements in the late 18th century.  In the language of the day, "sound as an acorn" meant to be without a flaw, free from imperfection, clearly something the architect of the dome, Joseph Clark, and the General Assembly, intended his creation to be.  The purpose of the State House acorn was to provide stability to the "Franklin" lightning rod which goes through its center.  The original cypress from (ca. 1785-1788), covered with copper panels Pedestal covered with sheet lead, probably from 1837.  During restoration work on the State House dome, it was discovered that the 208 year-old acorn had become rotten because of water seepage. As it too damaged to be repaired, it was decided to replace it by having 32 craftspeople from around the state make "slices" that would be used to assemble a new acorn. The new acorn was then clad in copper and gilded and painted.

The entrance is framed by two enormous brass-relief doors.



The interior Rotunda raises 113 feet



Marble Columns, Railings and Balusters






Original House Legislative Chamber and Chairs & Desks




Circa 1876-1893

Current House Legislative Chamber




Original Senate Chamber

maryland-state-capitol-old-senate-chambers-circa-1876-1877-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Circa 1877

maryland-state-capitol-old-senate-chamber-niche-annapolis-md-2106-09-06The recessed niche, the flat wooden pilasters tto eather side, and the arched plaster trim are some of the only surviving original architectual elements of the Old Senate Chamber.  The throne-like apearance of te overal feater evoked th epower of the president of the Senate, as well as the president of the Congress. 

maryland-state-capitol-george-washingtons-resignation-to-congress-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06It was in the Old Senate Chamber that General George Washington famously resigned his commission as commander in chief of the Continental Army on December 23, 1783 … his handwritten original is on display in the Rotunda

"Mr. President: The great events on which my resignation depended having at length taken place; I have now the honor of offering my sincere Congratulations to Congress and of presenting myself before them to surrender into their hands the trust committed to me, and to claim the indulgence of retiring from the Service of my Country.

Happy in the confirmation of our Independence and Sovereignty, and pleased with the oppertunity afforded the United States of becoming a respectable Nation, I resign with satisfaction the Appointment I accepted with diffidence. A diffidence in my abilities to accomplish so arduous a task, which however was superseded by a confidence in the rectitude of our Cause, the support of the supreme Power of the Union, and the patronage of Heaven.

The Successful termination of the War has verified the most sanguine expectations, and my gratitude for the interposition of Providence, and the assistance I have received from my Countrymen, encreases with every review of the momentous Contest.

While I repeat my obligations to the Army in general, I should do injustice to my own feelings not to acknowledge in this place the peculiar Services and distinguished merits of the Gentlemen who have been attached to my person during the War. It was impossible the choice of confidential Officers to compose my family should have been more fortunate. Permit me Sir, to recommend in particular those, who have continued in Service to the present moment, as worthy of the favorable notice and patronage of Congress.

I consider it an indispensable duty to close this last solemn act of my Official life, by commending the Interests of our dearest Country to the protection of Almighty God, and those who have the superintendence of them, to his holy keeping."

This speech is often considered one of the most important documents in American history as it helped set the precedent that the military was to be subordinate to the civilian government.


Built between 1777-1779, the gallery originally provided space for private citizens to view the proceedings of the Maryland Senate and was the only area where women were allowed, from the elevated perspective, Molly Ridout observed George Washington’s resignation, an event she described in a letter to her mother.




Current Senate Chamber





State House Caucus Room

maryland-state-capitol-legislative-caucus-room-annapolis-md-2106-09-06This room is part of the original 1779 State House.  It has served many purposes over the years, including records office, a flag room exhibiting the state’s Civil War battle flags, a bill room for the Legislature and a Visitor’s Center.

maryland-state-capitol-legislative-caucus-room-grandfathers-clock-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Original Grandfather Clock

In 1904, Governor Edwin Warfield commissioned a custom silver service for the new Armored cruiser USS Maryland (ACR-8).


The service features many images and symbols of Maryland and is regarded as the finest naval service every made, It was used aboard the USS Maryland until the late 1940s when it was placed on public display … although four pieces of the service are now aboard the nuclear-powered submarine Maryland (SSBN-738).



Of the many painting on display, one depicts Washington’s resignation speech.  However, it has several glaring errors … including George Washington’s location which was not adjacent to the President’s niche but toward the rear of the room (as shown above) and the presence of Marth Washington (who was a Mount Vernon at the time).


Marquis de Lafayette


William Pitt (the “Great Commoner”)


The four Maryland signors of the Declaration of Independence


Highlights of the grounds immediately surrounding the Capitol building include:

Old Treasury Building

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-old-treasury-building-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Built in 1735-36 for the Commissioners for Emitting ills of Credit who issued the first paper money of the colony.  Known in the colonial period as the Paper Currency Office and the Loan Office, the building acquired its present name in the 1780s when it housed the Treasurer’s Office.


17th Century Cannon



Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial Plaque


USS Maryland (BB-46) Ship’s Bell


Baron Johann de Kalb

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-of-baron-johann-de-kalb-a-annapolis-md-2106-09-06A distinguished Revolutionary War hero and friend of Marquis de Lafayette.  DeKalb served at Valley Forge during the winter of 1777-78 and was assigned to lead a division of Maryland and Delaware troops during the southern campaign.  At the Battle of Camden, South Carolina on August 16, 1780, his horse was shot from underneath him and he was shot and bayonetted by British troops.

U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice Roger Brook Taney

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-of-roger-brooke-taney-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Roger Taney was born in Maryland and served as Attorney General of the US and Secretary of the Treasury.  He was sworn in as Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court on March 15, 1836 and served until his death in 1864.  Although Taney personally considered slavery as an evil and he freed his own slaves when he inherited them and provided pensions to those too old to work.   Yet, he believed its abolition had to be led by the states in which slavery existed.  In the infamous Dred Scott v Sandford decision, Taney wrote that persons of African descent did not possess rights of citizenship, because, he said, the framers had not included blacks, either free or enslaved, in the original community of people covered by the Constitution.  The Court also held that the 1820 Missouri Compromise which prohibited slavery in the western territories was unconstitutional.  Aside from the Dred Scott decision, however. Taney is considered by many legal scholars and historians to have been a great magistrate and a distinguished chief justice.

Justice Thurgood Marshall

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-thurgood-marshall-annapolis-md-2106-09-06with nearby statues of parties of two of the cases with which he is most noted.

Brown v. Board of Education

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-brown-v-board-of-education-annapolis-md-2106-09-06In which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students to be unconstitutional.

Murry v. Pearson

maryland-state-capitol-grounds-statue-murray-v-university-of-maryland-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Murray v. Pearson was a Maryland Court of Appeals decision which found "the state has undertaken the function of education in the law, but has omitted students of one race from the only adequate provision made for it, and omitted them solely because of their color." On January 15, 1936, the court affirmed the lower court ruling which ordered the university to immediately integrate its student population, and therefore created a legal precedent making segregation in Maryland illegal.

Not too far away, the dome of the United States Naval Academy chapel stood out above the Annapolis skyline.


After walking the State Capitol grounds we visited passed the Governor’s Mansion with its beautiful landscaping



just across the street, the Annapolis Post Office



and St. Anne’s Parish, an historic Episcopal church located in Church Circle, and the third to sit on the site.


The first St. Anne's (1704-1775)was founded in 1692 after the passing of the Establishment Act. The Act allowed for the construction of the State House, King William's School, and St. Anne's, though due to the limited work force and insufficient funds, all of the projects were finished much later than expected and work started out slowly.  In 1699 the General Assembly specified that the dimensions of the church were to be 65 feet wide and 30 feet long  with a porch and a tower that would hang a bell.  But due to the insufficient funds, no progress was made until 1700, when the government invested enough money to begin construction.  By 1704, the church was finished, though some changes were made in the structure.  It served Chapel River until 1715, when the Province of Maryland was returned to Lord Baltimore.  A bell, which would call parishioners to services until it was destroyed by fire in 1858, was donated to St. Anne's by Queen Anne.

After the original church was razed, the local government made plans to build a new church.  Unfortunately, construction had to be cancelled since it was planned at the beginning of the Revolutionary War.  The bricks and timber that were to be used to build to new church were sent to the Severn River to build a fort, and most of the work force went off to fight. During the War,

After the War officially ended with the Treaty of Paris in 1783, the newly founded United States went into economic depression due to severe war debts and dislocation of accustomed trading patterns.  This cause a further delay on the new church building's construction.  Finally, in 1792, the new St. Anne's church was finished. It was much larger and more structurally secure than It’s predecessor.  On February 14, 1858, a furnace fire practically destroyed the interior of the building. Most of the original documents from the old church burned, and a new church building was requested.

The third and final church was built in 1858. It was designed in a Romanesque Revival style and incorporated a portion of the old tower. Most of the church was built in that year apart from the steeple which was finished in 1866 due to the Civil War. This is St. Anne's current church building.




st-annes-parish-kneeling-stools-annapolis-md-2106-09-06Each of the kneeling stools has been individually needle-pointed commemorating the 300th anniversary of the formation of the original parish.


Wendy Manley, one of Debbie’s two best friends from our years in Yardley (we’d visited Jane Johnson while in Mesa) joined us for lunch.


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September 5, 2016 – Visiting with Jackie Aumann’s Family

Today we began to pack some items in anticipation of our trip home the day after tomorrow.   This evening, we had dinner with Heidi ad Brian Foley and family.  Her mom, Jackie, who passed away in July, was Debbie’s best friend during the many years we lived in Amherst, New Hampshire; and whom we’d seen just this past May during trip to new Hampshire to see Nancy and family.

As has happened on four occasions in recent years, close friends or a family member has passed away and during our extended travels making it impractical to attend their funeral services.  Luckily, Jackie’s husband, Fritz, was visiting with his daughter and family giving us an opportunity to visit with him.


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September 4, 2016 – Reunion with Navy Captain Red McDaniel

Today was truly special.  We visited with a retired Navy Captain, Eugene “Red” McDaniel, with whom I served aboard the USS Independence (CVA-62)

uss-indedpendence-cva_62more than fifty-one years ago and his wife Dorothy.


After being transferred from the ship, Red went to VA-35, a naval attach squadron which flew A-6 Intruder aircraft,

va-35-a6which the Independence carried during its 1965 Vietnam cruise.

On 19 May 1967, after 80 missions, on a day he was not scheduled to fly and just four days before he was to be relocated back to the United States, then Lt. Cmdr. Eugene "Red" McDaniel, pilot, and Lt. James "Kelly" Patterson, bombardier/navigator, launched from the deck for the USS Enterprise in an A6A, call sign "Raygun 502."

They were on a deep strike mission to attack a NVA truck repair facility located in the Van Dien District of down town Hanoi, North Vietnam.  This area was commonly referred to by US pilots as "Little Detroit." The weather conditions included scattered clouds and visibility of 10 miles.

As the Intruder flew deep over enemy held territory, it was struck by a surface-to-air missile (SAM) forcing Lt. Cmdr. McDaniel and Lt. Patterson to eject.  Both men landed roughly a mile apart in a U-shaped valley containing villages and numerous truck-passable roads, and nearly a mile from the wreckage of their aircraft.   A short time later, squadron mates Nick Carpenter and Richard Slaasted crossed over the burning wreckage and had no difficulty in visually locating the downed crew in an area approximately 30 miles southwest of Hanoi and 11 miles southeast of Hao Binh, Hao Binh Province, North Vietnam.

Both men immediately established radio contact with the crew of another Intruder reporting they were injured – Red McDaniel damaged his back upon landing and Kelly Patterson had sustained a badly broken left leg.

Lt. Cmdr. McDaniel was captured early the morning of 20 May and was transported by his captors to Hanoi where he spent time in five different camps including the infamous “Hanoi Hilton”.

Red was listed as "missing in action" until 1970, during which time Dorothy did not know whether he was alive or dead, when the Hanoi government acknowledged that he was being held prisoner. 

A POW for more than six years, McDaniel was released 4 March 1973, after the Vietnam cease-fire.


Red McDaniel was one of the most brutally tortured prisoners of the Vietnam War.  This torture resulted from his active role in camp communications during an organized escape attempt by his fellow prisoners.  He is the author of “Scars and Stripes”, a book telling about his six years in a communist prison.

The morning after the shoot-down, the same Intruder aircrew who first located the burning wreckage and both Red McDaniel and Kelly Patterson alive on the ground, again found Lt. Patterson without difficulty.  They not only spoke with him over his survival radio, but they saw him alive and free. On the morning of the third day, Nick Carpenter returned to the area of loss in the backseat of an Air Force F4 to pinpoint the downed bombardier/navigator's position for Air Force rescue personnel, and again, they found Kelly Patterson in the same location.  And, as in previous flights, they were able to see him and talk with him before dropping a Fulton Extraction kit for him to use during a planned extraction.  That night and before dawn two other F4 aircrews located him.

Unfortunately, they learned during that radio contact that the Vietnamese captured the extraction equipment before Lt. Patterson could reach it. During the day of 22 May – his fourth day on the ground deep in enemy territory – all efforts to locate Kelly Patterson by Navy and Air Force personnel proved fruitless.  All rescue efforts were terminated at that time based on the firm belief he had been captured, and accordingly, James Kelly Patterson was listed as a Prisoner of War.

While a Prisoner of War, Red McDaniel was told in 1967 by a prison guard, known as Onizz, that his bombardier/navigator had recovered from his injury and was well. Other POWs who returned during Operation Homecoming saw evidence that Lt. Patterson was also a prisoner of the North Vietnamese. Dewey Smith saw an interrogation questionnaire with Kelly Patterson's name written on the top of it in the fall of 1967 and Ronald Mastin believes he saw a photo of Kelly Patterson's ID card in a Vietnamese newspaper during the same year. Further, Bobby Jo Keesee reported seeing Kelly Patterson's name scratched into a cell wall in a prison camp near the Chinese border known to the POWs as "Briarpatch."

Tragically, for Lt. Kelly Patterson, and other Americans who remain unaccounted for in Southeast Asia, their fate remains a mystery.

Red resumed active duty and served as Commanding Officer of USS Niagara Falls and Commanding Officer of the aircraft carrier USS Lexington.  Under his command, Lexington experienced no serious accidents while accomplishing more than 20,000 carrier landings.

He later served as Director of Navy/Marine Corps Liaison to the U.S. House of Representatives from 1979 to 1981.  In this capacity, Captain McDaniel worked daily with Congress on national defense planning and provided legislators with information vital to the strategic development of Navy forces throughout the world.  Red retired from the Navy in 1982.

Well into his retirement, Red’s continued advocacy for a full and honest accounting of all of our country’s MIAs, and that of Kelly Peterson, in particular, remain a life’s mission for him … and should be lauded and supported by all Americans!

Meanwhile, during those six years which were so suddenly taken was away from Red and his wife, Dorothy chronicled her life which was later published, “After the Hero’s Welcome”.

Today, Red has one of the most incredibly positive attitudes about life of anyone Debbie or I have ever met!  Anecdotally, almost in parallel with our visit with Red and Dorothy, I have reconnected with other Independence officers, or their families, with whom I have served and who mentored me when I reported aboard for my first duty assignment as a newly minted Ensign.

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September 3, 2016 – Another Long Day on the Road

As a rule, we try to plan our days by the unofficial 250/2:30 rule … driving no more than 250 miles in a day or be at our destination no later than 2:30 PM, whichever occurs first.  Our original itinerary had only one day over 300 miles … but as things got rescheduled, our last three days of driving have all topped 300 miles!

Leaving Max Meadow,VA we could see low hanging clouds over the Shenandoah River in the distance and crossed several smaller rivers where a curtain of mist shrouded the water below

DSC_3806and passed fields where patches still held on despite the warmth of the morning sun.


There were old barns,

DSC_3819decaying homes

DSC_3826a windmill whose blades shown golden in the sunlight,

DSC_3815and the decorative Fort Jackson community water tower … enough to make your mouth water!

Mount Jackson, VA - 2016-09-03

We’ll be parked in College Park, Maryland for the next four nights

2016-09-03 - Cherry Hill RV Park, College Park, MD - Site 1702visiting friends and family in the area, including a naval officer I served with aboard the USS Independence before visiting the Maryland State Capitol in Annapolis and then finally heading home on Wednesday.

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September 2, 2016 – Longest Day Yet

Due to a mental lapse, we were faced with a nearly 400-mile drive along I-40 and I-81, well over our regular self-imposed limit of 250 miles.  Again, for most of the journey from Nashville to southwestern Virginia, we were confined to a gently rolling, tree-lined corridor

DSC_3738affording little in the way of interesting things to see.  That said, certain short stretches were a blaze with bright yellow flowers.


Debbie also, and somewhat amazingly, was able to shoot between my chest and the steering wheel to capture a unique quarrying operation in which large horizontal rectangular entrances were cut into the hill sides.

DSC_3749a solo walker, not even hitchhiking,

DSC_3742an old Ford Fairlane,

DSC_3759invasive Virginia Creeper … everywhere,

DSC_3778banded fields,

DSC_3781several U.S., Tennessee

US and Tennessee State Flags, I-40, Eastern Tennessee - 2016-09-01and Confederate flags

Confederate Flag, I-40, Eastern Tennessee - 2016-09-02and some old barns

DSC_3787rounded out the day’s travel excitement.

Taking a walk at our campground, we discovered a small stream

Stream, Pioneer Village RV Park, Max Meadow, VA - 2016-09-02flowing to a small waterfall.

Waterfall (b), Pioneer Village RV Park, Max Meadow, VA - 2016-09-02

Nearby was a gazebo used for rustic weddings (note the seating area).

Wedding Venue, Pioneer Village RV Park, Max Meadow, VA - 2016-09-02

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September 1, 2016 – Tennessee State Capitol

The State of Franklin (also the Free Republic of Franklin) was an unrecognized, autonomous territory located in what is today eastern Tennessee, United States.  Franklin was created in 1784 from part of the territory west of the Appalachian Mountains that had been offered by North Carolina as a cession to Congress to help pay off debts related to the American War for Independence.   It was founded with the intent of becoming the fourteenth state of the new United States.  The Territory eventually became Tennessee which was admitted to the Union as the 16th state on June 1, 1796.

Six of Tennessee's cities have served as the capital of the State. Two cities have been the capital more than once, while one city was the capital for only one day.

  • Jonesborough – was founded in 1779 and is the oldest city in the state, Jonesborough became the capital of the State of Franklin in December 1784. Franklin functioned as a state until 1788, but was never recognized by Congress.

  • Greeneville – was the second capital of the State of Franklin was Greeneville. Greeneville was founded in 1783 and served as the capital of Franklin from 1785-1788.

  • Knoxville – was the capital of the Territory of the United States South of the River Ohio from 1792 until 1796. Knoxville served as the capital of Tennessee on two occasions, the first time from 1796 until 1812 and then a second time from 1817 to 1818.

  • Kingston – was the capital of Tennessee for just one day!  On September 21, 1807, the Tennessee General Assembly met in Kingston, declared it to be the State's capital, passed one item, and then adjourned.  That one item was the acquisition of Cherokee territory that was known as Fort Southwest Point. The Indians had ceded the land around the Fort to the State with the provision that it would be named the State capital, which it was, but only for one day. Before the Indians realized that they had been tricked, the capital was moved back to Knoxville.

  • Murfreesboro – was Tennessee's capital city from 1818 until 1826. The capital was moved to the middle of the State as the population moved to the middle and western grand divisions of Tennessee.

  • Nashville – the current capital of Tennessee began as Fort Nashborough in 1779 and was incorporated as the City of Nashville in 1806. Nashville was the capital of Tennessee twice. The first time was from 1812-1817. In 1826, Nashville became the permanent capital of the State of Tennessee.

The prominent Nashville hill top site of what is now the Tennessee State Capitol was formerly occupied by the Holy Rosary Cathedral , the first Roman Catholic Cathedral in Nashville.

Tennessee State Capitol (a), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Selected by Samuel Morton (left), architect William Stirckland (right)

Tennessee State Capitol (Portrait Samuel Morgan and William Strickland), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01designed the Greek-Revival style building and supervised its construction until his untimely death in 1854, five years before its completion.

Tennessee State Capitol (aa), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01and is one of the nation’s oldest working statehouses still in use.

The walls were constructed of Bigby Limestone from a nearby quarry, only a few blocks away.  The limestone was excavated, shaped and transported by slaves and convict labor under the supervision of stone masons.   Regarded as a prime example of Greek Revival architecture it is more than 206 feet tall and covers an area of 112 feet by 239 feet.   It's copied from an Ionic temple, with porticos on the north and south facades, each with eight fluted columns. The east and west porticos have six columns surmounted by parapets.

Tennessee State Capitol (Cupola - a), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Tennessee State Capitol (US and Tennessee Flags - a), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

House Chambers

Tennessee State Capitol (House Chamber - a), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-0199 members

Tennessee State Capitol (House Chamber Chandelier - a), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01Chandelier

Tennessee State Capitol (House Chamber Door), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01Chamber Doors

Senate Chambers

Tennessee State Capitol (Senate Chamber - a), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-0133 Members

Tennessee State Capitol (Senate Chamber Chandelier), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01Chandelier

Original Supreme Court Chambers

Tennessee State Capitol (Sopreme Court's Original Chamber), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Tennessee State Supreme Court (Chambers - Chandelier), Nashville, TN - 2016-9-01Chandelier

Tennessee State Supreme Court (Door Knob), Nashville, TN - 2016-9-01Door Knob

Tennessee State Capitol (Supreme Court Chamber Painting of Famous Tennesseans), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Painting of Famous Tennesseans  –  How many can you name?

Current Supreme Court Chambers

Tennessee State Supreme Court (Chambers), Nashville, TN - 2016-9-01Housed in a building across the street from the State Capitol

Tennessee State Supreme Court (Seal on Floor), Nashville, TN - 2016-9-01Supreme Court Seal

Murals on the Walls of the Governor’s Outer Office Depicting the History of the State

Tennessee State Capitol (Governor's Outer Office Mural - a), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Tennessee State Capitol (Governor's Outer Office Mural - b), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Tennessee State Capitol (Governor's Outer Office Mural - d), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Tennessee State Capitol (Governor's Outer Office Mural - c), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Original State Library (the repository of all of Tennessee’s state legislative records)

Tennessee State Capitol (Former State Library - State Record Stacks), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Tennessee State Capitol (Former State Library - Spiral Staircase), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Cast Iron Spiral Staircase

Tennessee State Capitol (Former State Library - Spiral Staircase - Detail), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01Which was delivered in small pieces and sections which had to be screwed and bolted together

Tennessee State Capitol (Former State Library - Marble Table), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01Original Marble Table

Tennessee State Capitol (Former State Library - Doors), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01Entrance Doors

The focal point of the center intersection on the first floor is a chandelier

Tennessee State Capitol (1st Floor Center Ceiling handelier), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01surrounded by four ceiling frescos.

An American Eagle surrounded by 31 stars representing the number of states in the union at the time

Tennessee State Capitol (1st Floor Center Ceiling Fresco - American Eagle and 31 Stars), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01


Tennessee State Capitol (1st Floor Center Ceiling Fresco - Justice), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01


Tennessee State Capitol (1st Floor Center Ceiling Fresco - Liberty), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

The State Seal depicting the state motto “Agriculture and Commerce

Tennessee State Capitol (1st Floor Center Ceiling Fresco - State Seal), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Half way up the first flight of stairs to the second floor

Tennessee State Capitol (2nd Floor Hallway), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01 on the right is a chip in the hand rail and gouge in a nearby column.

Tennessee State Capitol (Staircase Railing), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Tennessee State Capitol (Bullet Scared Railing and Column), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

These scars are believed to have been caused by a bullet fired from the stairs above during a particularly bitter fight in the legislature over the ratification of the 14th Amendment to the Constitution in 1866 which guaranteed citizenship to African Americans.  The opponents of passage did not have the votes to prevent its adoption and, as a result of its passage, Tennessee became the first Confederate state re-admitted to the Union.

On the landing is a bust of George Washington.

Tennessee State Capitol (George Washington - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

On the second floor, busts of

President Andrew Jackson,

Tennessee State Capitol (President Andrew Jackson - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

President James Polk

Tennessee State Capitol (President James Polk - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01


President Andrew Johnson

Tennessee State Capitol (President Andrew Johnsonn - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01are prominently displayed, as are their paintings one floor below.

The busts of other Tennessee notables include;

Admiral David Farragut

(“Damn the torpedoes and full speed ahead”)

Tennessee State Capitol (Admiral David Farragut - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Confederate General Nathan Forrest

(a lieutenant general in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. He is remembered as a self-educated, brutal, and innovative cavalry leader during the war and as a leading Southern advocate in the postwar years. He served as the first Grand Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan, but later distanced himself from the organization.)

Tennessee State Capitol (Confederate Lieutenant General Nathan Forrest - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Cordell Hull

(Secretary of State under FDR during World War II – U.S. Senator, Congressman and Captain in Fourth Tennessee Volunteer Infantry)

Tennessee State Capitol (Cordell Hull - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01


(his independent creation of a Cherokee syllabary, make reading and writing in Cherokee possible. This was one of the very few times in recorded history hat a member of a pre-literate people created an original, effective writing system which was adopted by the Cherokee Nation in 1925.  Within a few years, literacy among the Cherokee exceeded that of the white population in Tennessee  His image is also prominently recognized in the Oklahoma State Capitol)

Tennessee State Capitol (Seqoyah - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

John Seiver

(an American soldier, frontiersman and politician, and one of the founding fathers of the State of  Tennessee. He played a leading role, both militarily and politically, in Tennessee's pre-statehood period, and was elected the state's first governor in 1796.  Sevier served as the only governor of  the State of Franklin, an early, unsuccessful, attempt at statehood by the trans-Appalachian settlers. He was brigadier general of the Southwest Territory militia during the early 1790s.  Sevier served six two-year terms as Tennessee's governor, from 1796 until 1801, and from 1803 to 1809, with term limits preventing a fourth consecutive term in both instances. His political career was marked by a growing rivalry with rising politician Andrew Jackson, which nearly culminated in a duel in 1803. After his last term as governor, Sevier was elected to three terms in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1811 until his death in 1815)

Tennessee State Capitol (John  Sevier, First Governor - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Admiral Albert Gleaves

(Born in Nashville, TennesseeGleaves graduated from the United States Naval Academy in 1877. Assigned to many ships and stations, he commanded USS Cushing during the Spanish American War. Promoted to Rear Admiral in 1915,for his outstanding contribution he was awarded the Army and Navy Distinnguished Service Medals.  In 1919 he was promoted to Admiral Admiral Gleaves made outstanding contributions in the field of gunnery and torpedoes. While carrying out some tests on torpedo steering devices he changed these weapons from instruments of luck into instruments of precision. The gear which he tested in Gushing provided the imprints which made the torpedo the "terrible weapon" of World War I)

Tennessee State Capitol (Admiral Albert Gleaves- Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Simpson Keeble

(was born into slavery who became a barber and a businessman and in 1873 became the first African American member of the Tennessee Legislature.  The plaque beneath his bust also commemorates nine African Americans who followed him in to the state legislature in the mid-to-late 19th century)

Tennessee State Capitol (Sampson Keeble - Bust), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

During a 1988 hallway restoration, the ceilings were stripped of dirt and overpainting … and revealed the original design, color and brush strokes,

Tennessee State Capitol (Hallway Ceiling - Original Panel), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01compared to the reproduction found throughout most of the building.

Tennessee State Capitol (Hallway Ceiling - Retourched-up Panel), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Two bas-reliefs dominate the walls off the second floor lobby.

Commemoration of the passage of the 14th and 15th Amendments to the U.S. Constitution

Tennessee State Capitol (14th and 15th Amendments Relief Plaque), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01(the 14th guarantying African Americans citizenship and equal protection before the law.  The 15th provided for the men’s right to vote)

Commemoration of the passage of the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution

Tennessee State Capitol (19th Amendment Relief Plaque), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01(The Tennessee Legislature became the final state needed to ratify the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote.  This state’s House had been divided on the issue and the ratification passed by a single vote when an outspoken opponent of the amendment changed his vote on a third ballot to break the prior tie votes on the issue)

The Tennessee State Capitol also has the distinction of being the only one in which persons are interred within the walls of the building.  There are four people either buried inside the capitol walls or on the grounds. William Strickland became ill while the capitol was being constructed.  Since he considered it his finest achievement, Strickland asked to be buried in the Capitol building.  Strickland did die before the construction was complete, and he is buried in a crypt in the north wall.

Tennessee State Capitol (William Strickland Interment), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01The inscription is in error, he was actually 66 when he died

Later, after Samuel Morgan’s death, his family also asked that he be buried in the capitol.  As a way to honor Morgan, the state agreed.  He is buried in a crypt on the south wall. 


Tennessee State Capitol (Samuel Mogran Interment), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

As with most state capitol complexes, there are a number of statues, monuments and memorials on its grounds.

Alvin York

(the most decorated allied soldier during World War I)

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Alvin York Statue), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Andrew Jackson

(Army General and 7th U.S. President)

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Andrew Jackson Statue), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Andrew Johnson

(17th U.S. President)

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Andrew Johnson Statue), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

The Tomb of James and Sarah Polk

(11th U.S. President … the only president interred on any state capitol grounds)

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (James and Sarah Polk Tomb -a), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (James and Sarah Polk Tomb - b), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Replica of the Liberty Bell

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Liberty Bell), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Memorial to the Holocaust

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Holocaust Memorial), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Memorial to the African American Victims of the Middle Passage

Tennessee State Capito Groundsl (Memorial to the Victims of the Middle Pasage), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Sam Davis

(served in various combat roles in the Confederate army from 1861-63 during the Civil War. As a Confederate courier he was captured around November 20, 1863. Suspected of espionage, he was offered his life if he would name is conspirators, to which he replied, “I would die a thousand deaths before I would betray a Friend”.  He was executed by the Union Army after a captivity of only seven days).

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Sam Davis Statue), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Edward Ward Carmack

(was an attorney, newspaperman and political figure who served as a U.S. Senator from 1901 to 1907.  Following his political service, and after an unsuccessful run for Governor of Tennessee, he became editor of the one-year-old Nashville Tennessean. He was shot to death on November 9, 1908 over a feud precipitated by his editorial comments in the paper)

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Edward Ward Carmack Statue), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Answer Bell (As part of the Bicentennial Mall carillon project, the final bell, or answer bell, was installed and “answers” the 95 bells on the mall each hour)

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Answer Bell), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Plaque to the Daughters of the Confederacy

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (Daughters of the Confederacy Plaque), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

Garden Plantings of the State Flag

Tennessee State Capitol Grounds (State Flag Stars), Nashville, TN - 2016-09-01

The three stars represent the three Grand Divisions of the state, East Tennessee, Middle Tennessee and West Tennessee.  The blue circle around the stars represents the unity of the "Grand Divisions" of the state. The blue bar at the edge of the flag was purely a design consideration.

Tennessee Flag

When asked about the blue bar, Reeves stated that "The final blue bar relieves the sameness of the crimson field and prevents the flag from showing too much crimson when hanging limp."




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August 31, 2016 – Crashed

Today was a “down day”.

This evening, we again went up to the campground office to listed to another country-western group.`


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